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United States Military Weapons of War
Part 2: Non-Nuclear Missiles and Bombs (Page 2)

AGM - 84D Harpoon. The AGM-84D Harpoon is an all-weather, over-the-horizon, anti-ship missile system produced by McDonnell Douglas. Its low-level, sea-skimming cruise trajectory, active radar guidance and warhead design assure high survivability and effectiveness.

Originally developed for the Navy to serve as its basic anti-ship missile for fleetwide use (launched from Navy ships and submarines), the AGM-84D also has been adapted for use on the Air Force's B-52H bombers. The AGM-84D was first introduced in 1977, and in 1979, an air-launched version was deployed on the Navy's P-3 Orion aircraft.

At the direction of Headquarters Strategic Air Command, the Harpoon Air Command and Launch Control Set was fully integrated into a fully operational B-52G from Mather AFB, Calif., in March 1983. Three successful live launches at the Naval Air Warfare Center, Point Mugu, Calif., led to the modification of a total of 30 B-52Gs with Harpoon launch control equipment, enough to provide two squadrons of Harpoon-capable B-52Gs by June 30, 1985. The 42nd Bombardment Wing, Loring Air Force Base, Maine, and the 43rd Bombardment Wing, Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, were first tasked to perform the Harpoon mission. Both wings refined tactics and doctrine to merge the long-range, heavy-payload capability of the B-52 with the proven reliability of this superior stand-off attack weapon.

After Loring AFB closed and the retirement of the last B-52G at Castle AFB, Calif., the Harpoon mission was moved to the 2nd Bomb Wing at Barksdale AFB, La. Four B-52H models were rapidly modified (as an interim measure) to accept Harpoon launch control equipment pending B-52H fleet modification. Today, all B-52H aircraft are capable of carrying the HARM.

Primary Function: Air, surface, or submarine launched anti-surface (anti-ship) cruise missile.
Contractor: The Boeing Company
Power Plant: Teledyne Turbojet and solid propellant booster for surface and submarine launch.
Thrust: 660 pounds (approximately 299.38 kilograms)
Length: 12 feet, 7 inches (3.8354 meters) – air launched; 15 feet (4.572 meters) – surface and submarine launched.
Weight: 1,145 pounds (519.372 kilograms) – air launched; 1,385 pounds (628.236 kilograms) – submarine or ship launched from box or canister launcher.
Diameter: 13.5 inches (34.29 centimeters)
Wing Span: 3 feet (91.44 centimeters) with booster fins and wings.
Range: Over-the-horizon, in excess of 60 nautical miles.
Speed: High Subsonic
Guidance: Sea-skimming cruise monitored by radar altimeter, active radar terminal homing.
Warhead: Penetration high-explosive blast (488 pounds/224 kilograms)
Unit Cost: $720,000
Date Deployed: 1985

SLAM-ER. The Standoff Land Attack Missile - Expanded Response (SLAM-ER), an evolutionary upgrade to the combat-proven SLAM, is a day/night, adverse weather over-the-horizon, precision strike missile, used by the Navy and Marine Corps.

SLAM-ER addresses the Navy's requirements of a precision-guided Standoff Outside of Area Defense weapons. SLAM-ER extends the weapon system's combat effectiveness into the next century, providing an effective, long range, precision strike option for both pre-planned and Target of Opportunity attack missions against land and ship targets. Most significant among these enhancements are: a highly accurate, GPS-aided guidance system; improved missile aerodynamic performance characteristics that allow both greater range and more effective terminal attack profiles; a redesigned ordnance section for increased penetrating power and lethality; and a more user-friendly interface for both Man-in-the-Loop control and mission planning. SLAM-ER will be the first weapon to feature Automatic Target Acquisition (ATA), a revolutionary technological breakthrough which will automate and improve target acquisition in cluttered scenes, and overcome most countermeasures and environmentally degraded conditions.

SLAM-ER roots go back to the original Harpoon anti-ship missile placed in the fleet in the late 1970s. Because of emerging operational requirements, missile for land attack was developed as a derivative of the Harpoon. The SLAM was developed and fielded in less than 48 months and was successfully employed by F/A-18 and A-6 aircrews in Desert Storm even before operational testing had begun. The potential of SLAM spurred further development of its standoff capabilities, to provide even greater improvements in range, accuracy, warhead penetration, dive angle and mission planning. Because of the Navy's growing focus on littoral warfare, SLAM-ER program initiatives were formalized in December 1994 when the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development and Acquisition gave the go ahead to proceed with engineering and manufacturing development and accelerate SLAM-ER production and deployment to the fleet.

Primary Function: long range, air-launched precision land attack cruise missile
Contractor: The Boeing Company
Power Plant: Teledyne Turbojet and solid propellant booster for surface and submarine launch.
Thrust: greater than 600 pounds (greater than 272.16 kg)
Length:14 feet 4 inches (4.36 meters)
Weight:1,400 pounds (635.04 kg)
Diameter: 13.5 inches (34.29 centimeters)
Wing Span: 7.158 feet (2.1819 meters)
Range: Over-the-horizon, in excess of 150 nautical miles (277.95 km)
Speed: High Subsonic
Guidance: ring laser gyro Inertial Navigation System (INS) with multi-channel GPS; infrared seeker for terminal guidance with Man-in-the-Loop control data link from the controlling aircraft. Upgraded missiles will incorporate Automatic Target Acquisition (ATA)
Unit Cost: $500,000
Date Deployed: mid 1999

AGM-130 Missile. The AGM-130, used by the Air Force, is a powered air-to-surface missile designed for high- and low-altitude strikes at standoff ranges against a variety of targets.

Carrying forward the modular concept of the GBU-15 guided weapon system, the AGM-130 employs a rocket motor for extended range and an altimeter for altitude control. The AGM-130 provides a significantly increased standoff range beyond that of the GBU-15.

The AGM-130 is equipped with either a television or an imaging infrared seeker and data link. The seeker provides the launch aircraft a visual presentation of the target as seen from the weapon. During free flight this presentation is transmitted by the AXQ-14 data-link system to the aircraft cockpit monitor.

The seeker can be either locked onto the target before or after launch for automatic weapon guidance, or it can be manually steered by the weapon systems officer. Manual steering is performed through the two-way data link.

The AGM-130 is designed to be used with F-15E aircraft. Development of the AGM-130 began in 1984 as a product improvement of the GBU-15 guided glide bomb.

For the primary mode of operation, the aircraft flies to a pre-briefed launch position. Survivability of aircraft and crew is enhanced by launching the weapon at low altitude and significant standoff range, thus avoiding detection by enemy air defenses. After launch, the weapon flies through glide-powered-glide phases toward the target area with midcourse guidance updates provided by global positioning system (GPS) navigational information or through the data link.

Upon termination of the powered flight phase the rocket motor is ejected. As the target comes into view, the weapon systems officer has dual flexibility in guiding the weapon via the data link. For automatic terminal homing, the guidance tracker is locked on target but can be manually updated for precision bombing. When total manual guidance is used, the operator manually guides the weapon to the target aimpoint. For those aircraft not equipped with a data-link pod, the weapon may be launched in the direct attack mode.

Primary Function: Air-to-surface guided and powered bomb (missile)
Contractor: Boeing Co.
Thrust: Classified
Length: 12 feet, 10.5 inches (3.90 meters)
Launch Weight: 2,917 pounds (1,312.65 kilograms)
Diameter: 18 inches (45.72 centimeters)
Wingspan: 59 inches (149.86 centimeters)
Range: Classified
Ceiling: 30,000-plus feet (9,091 meters)
Speed: Classified
Guidance System: television or imaging infrared seeker
Date Deployed: 1994
Unit Cost: Approximately $450,000 per weapon
Inventory: Classified.

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Above Photographs Official U.S. Air Force & Navy Photographs

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