The Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center (MCAGCC), also known as 29 Palms, is the United States Marine Corps' largest base. It is located adjacent to the city of Twentynine Palms in southern San Bernardino County, California. The city of Twentynine Palms is a community of over 27,000 people in the middle of the Mojave Desert between Los Angeles and the Colorado River. The main business district of Twentynine Palms is about five miles south of the Combat Center’s main gate. Twentynine Palms has a reputation within the Marine Corps for its relative desolation and isolation, due to the harsh desert climate and the remote nature of the base. The city of Palm Springs, while 60 miles away via California State Route 62, is a popular destination, as well as the nearby Joshua Tree National Park.
The base is currently home to the largest military training area in the nation (and the largest US base in the world), and consequently, the largest training program. The program known as Mojave Viper has become the model of pre-Operation Iraqi Freedom deployment training. The majority of units in the Marine Corps will undergo a month at Mojave Viper before deploying to Iraq or a mixed training venue using the Mountain Warfare Training Center for Afghanistan. Live fire exercises, artillery, tank, and close air support training are used for training, in addition to the sprawling "Combat Town," a 2-acre fabricated Middle Eastern village, complete with a mosque, native role-players, an "IED Alley," and other immersive touches.
The Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center's (MCAGCC) two-fold mission is to operate live fire combined arms training that promotes readiness of operating forces and to provide facilities, services, and support, responsive to the needs of tenant commands, marines, sailors and their families.
Official website for MCAGCC 29 Palms