U.S. Military Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
MQ-1 Predator - Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
Article looks at the use and popularity of the MQ-1 Predator Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. The article also explores the multiple roles of the system and its development. Consideration is given to the role that the C.I.A. has played in the Predator's development and use around the world.
AQM-34A COMPASS DAWN
The AQM-34A reconnaissance drone was developed from the earlier BQM-34A (formerly designated Q-2-C) jet-powered, subsonic target drone first produced in 1960. It is one of a series of remotely piloted vehicles (RPVs) used for combat reconnaissance during the Vietnam War.
AQM-34L COMPASS BIN
The AQM-34L reconnaissance drone was developed from the earlier BQM-34A (formerly designated Q-2-C) jet-powered, subsonic target drone first produced in 1960. It is one of a series of remotely piloted vehicles (RPVs) used for combat reconnaissance during the Vietnam War.
In the mid-1960s, Ryan Aeronautical Co. answered the need for a system to conduct reconnaissance and gather intelligence without putting aircrew members in danger. The answer became more than 20 different variations of the Model 147 Firebee unmanned subsonic target drone.
The Army's first major UAV acquisition effort was the Aquila program. This program started in 1979 and was originally estimated to cost $123 million for a 43-month development effort, followed by planned expenditures of $440 million for procurement of 780 air vehicles and associated equipment.
BQM-145A Medium Range UAV
The primary mission of the BQM-145A is to obtain high quality images of enemy territory and transmit them back for reconnaissance analysis in real-time or near-real-time.
BQM-147A Dragon Drone
The Exdrone system is a low-cost reconnaissance unmanned aerial vehicle designed to support regiment and brigade size commands. It is a delta platform flying wing air vehicle that is 5 feet long and has a wingspan of 8 feet, powered by a small one-cylinder, two-cycle, air-cooled engine with a two-blade propeller.
Canadair’s involvement with the US Navy started in 1988. Several demonstrations of the CL-227 were conducted to show the feasibility of launching and recovering a VTOL air vehicle from the deck of a small combatant ship.
Boeings' Condor, a remotely piloted twin engine aircraft, had a wider wingspan (200 feet) than a Boeing 747 and could operate above 65,000 feet for several davs. Condor reached a maximum altitude of 67,028 feet in a 1988 flight.
The Lockheed D-21 (Project Tagboard) was an unmanned or "drone" aircraft designed to carry out high-speed, high-altitude strategic reconnaissance missions over hostile territory.
Desert Hawk UAV
Not every unmanned aerial vehicle in the sky in Iraq is a Predator. The 332nd Expeditionary Security Forces Squadron is using its “Desert Hawk” UAV in Iraq, providing an extra set of eyes in the sky for looking for potential terrorists and criminals.
In response to a Navy requirement for an unmanned, high-speed, ship-based vertical take off and landing (VTOL), McDonnell Douglas Helicopter developed a concept called Canard-Rotor-Wing (CRW).
The Bell Eagle Eye has the appearance of a conventional aircraft with tilt rotors at the end of each wing that allow it to maneuver up or down and hover.
The Firebee has several designations, for example, BQM-34S is Air Force, MQM-34D is Army, and there are several versions under the model 147 designation. Both China and Iran have this UAV in their inventory.
GNAT-750 Lofty View
The GNAT-750 is a long-endurance tactical surveillance and support system that has been flying since 1989.
Hunter Short Range(SR) UAV
Hunter is an Israeli multi-role short-range UAV system in service with the U.S. Army (manufactured & marketed jointly with TRW/S&ITG).
Multi Role Endurance (MRE) UAV
The Multi Role Endurance (MRE) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is intended to perform medium range and/or long endurance surveillance, reconnaissance, relay, targeting, and potentially, attack (both lethal and non-lethal) against a wide variety of possible land and sea-based targets, across the spectrum of conflict.
Outrider Tactical UAV
The Outrider TUAV program, formerly known as the Maneuver UAV, involved the development, production, and deployment of an unmanned aerial vehicle system that will provide near-real-time reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition information to Marine air/ground task forces, Army brigades, and deployed Navy units.
Pioneer Short Range (SR) UAV
After having been impressed by stories of Israeli successes with UAVs in the early 1980s, the Navy initiated an expedited procurement of UAV systems.
The Pointer Hand Launched system is a low-cost reconnaissance unmanned aerial vehicle designed to support maneuver battalion commanders or other users needing a short range "eye in the sky."
RQ-1 Predator Fact Sheet
The RQ-1 Predator is a medium-altitude, long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle system. It is a Joint Forces Air Component Commander-owned theater asset for reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition in support of the Joint Force commander.
The Predator system was designed to provide constant intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance to US strategic and tactical forces.
The Predator (Air Force Unmanned Arial Vehicle, or UAV) was first used exclusively for reconnaissance missions. But now, it has proven itself as an effective combat weapon, as well.
The Tier III Minus UAV, known by the nickname DarkStar, was one of two high altitude endurance UAVs being developed for the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office (DARO) by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) joint UAV program office. The Department of Defense canceled the Dark Star UAV program in February 1999 due to budget cuts.
RQ-4A Global Hawk Fact Sheet
The Global Hawk Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) provides Air Force and joint battlefield commanders near-real-time, high-resolution, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance imagery.
The FERRET is a 145 pound, 75 inch-long, all-weather missile with a range of 370 nautical miles and a loiter time of almost 2 hours.
Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
Evidence of the military utility of a land-based UAV was provided by the Outrider advanced concept technology demonstration (ACTD); nevertheless, a fully joint program could not be accomplished. Consequently, joint requirements were modified to permit use of more than one type of air vehicle.
UAV- Close Range
The CR-UAV system was composed of a baseline system (US Marine Corps) and an augmented system (US Army, using the baseline system as a launch and recovery unit). CR-UAV had extremely small transportation requirements compared to other UAV systems, and could be operated from small clearings, parking lots, or compounds.
UAVs of the Future
Unmanned aerial vehicles have been stars in Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. A recent show at Miramar Naval Air Station in California, displayed what the future may entail for UAVs.
Vigilante(TM) is a SAIC-developed family of Optionally Piloted and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) based on the commercially available Ultrasport 496 sport helicopter.
The Vertical Take Off and Landing Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (VTUAV) is a new start in FY00, with IOC by 4QFY03. The VTUAV System will be used afloat by Navy units and ashore by USMC units and will provide local commanders near-real time imagery and data to support Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) requirements.
YQM-94A COMPASS COPE
COMPASS COPE was an Air Force competition to develop a high-altitude, long-range, remotely piloted vehicle (RPV) designed for long-endurance photographic reconnaissance and electronic surveillance missions.
MQ-8 Fire Scout Is A Next Generation UAV Being Developed For Use With The...
MQ-8 Fire Scout Is A Next Generation UAV Being Developed For Use With The U.S. Military
Boeing X-45 UAV Is Able To Operate Autonomously Without Being Controled By...
Boeing X-45 UAV Is Able To Operate Autonomously Without Being Controled By Soldiers
Freewing Scorpion - Reconaissance UAV
An article about the newly designed Freewing Scorpion UAV.
Grey Eagle - Multipurpose UAV
An article about the next generation Grey Eagle unmanned aerial vehicle and its use in Iraq and Afghanistan.
RQ-7 Shadow - High-Tech Surveillance
An article about the role performed by the RQ-7 Shadow unmanned aerial vehicle.