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Military Vaccinations
 
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Vaccinations are a way of life in the U.S. Military. All new recruits (both officer and enlisted) are vaccinated against various diseases during enlisted basic training or during officer accession training.

The below table shows the standard vaccinations given to United States military personnel. While many vaccinations are given during basic training, other vaccinations (and/or "booster shots" are given at various times while in the service, and some are given only to certain designated personnel, or for assignment/deployment to various locations around the World.

The below table is derived from Air Force Joint Instruction 48-110, Army Regulation 40-52, BUMEDINST 6230.15, CGCOMTINST M6230.4E, dated 12 May 2004.


Immunizing Agent Remarks
Basic Training and Officer Accession Training
Adenovirus, Types 4 and 7 Air Force recruits receive adenovirus vaccination only when there is evidence of active disease transmission. Coast Guard Recruits only receive this when specifically directed by the Coast Guard Commandant.
Influenza (Flu Shot) Navy and Marine Corps officer and enlisted accessions receive the influenza vaccine year round in basic training. Other service recruits receive this shot in basic only during the designated flu season (October - March)
Measles Measles Mumps and rubella (MMR) are administered to all recruits regardless of prior history.
Meningococcal Quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine (containing A, C, Y, and W-135 polysaccharide antigens) is administered on a one-time basis to recruits. The vaccine is given as soon as practicable after in-processing or training. This vaccine is required routinely only for recruits, although its use may be indicated in other situations based on transmission potential and risk of contracting meningococcal disease.
Mumps Measles Mumps and rubella (MMR) are administered to all recruits regardless of prior history.
Polio A single dose of trivalent OPV is administered to all enlisted accessions. Officer candidates, ROTC cadets, and other Reserve Components on initial active duty for training receive a single dose of OPV unless prior booster immunization as an adult is documented.
Rubella Measles Mumps and rubella (MMR) are administered to all recruits regardless of prior history.
Tetanus-diphtheria A primary series of tetanus-diphtheria (Td) toxoid is initiated for all recruits lacking a reliable history of prior immunization in accordance with existing ACIP guidelines. Individuals with previous history of Td immunization receive a booster dose upon entry to active duty and subsequently in accordance with ACIP requirements.
Yellow Fever Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard only
Routine "Booster" Shots while in the Military
Influenza (Flu Shot) Annual, during "Flu Season" (October - March)
Tetanus-diphtheria A primary series of tetanus-diphtheria (Td) toxoid is initiated for all recruits lacking a reliable history of prior immunization in accordance with existing ACIP guidelines. Individuals with previous history of Td immunization receive a booster dose upon entry to active duty and subsequently in accordance with ACIP requirements.
Yellow Fever Navy and Marine Corps only.
Alert Forces (See Remarks below for definition of "Alert Forces)
Hepatitis A Air Force Only
Typhoid Typhoid vaccine is administered to alert forces and personnel deploying to endemic areas.
Yellow Fever Army, Air Force, and Coast Guard (Navy and Marine Corps receive all receive this, regardless of "Alert Status").
When Deploying or Traveling to High Risk Areas
Hepatitis A  
JE Vaccine (Japanese B Encephalitis)  
Meningococcal  
Typhoid  
Yellow Fever Army, Air Force, and Coast Guard (Navy and Marine Corps receive all receive this, regardless of "Deployment Status").
When Required by Host Country to Enter
Cholera Cholera vaccine is not administered routinely to either active or reserve component personnel. Cholera vaccine is administered to military personnel, only upon travel or deployment to countries requiring cholera vaccination as a condition for entry, or upon the direction of the appropriate Surgeon General, or Commandant (G-K), Coast Guard.
High Risk Occupational Groups
Hepatitis B  
Measles  
Mumps  
Plague There is no requirement for routine immunization. Plague vaccine is administered to personnel who are likely to be assigned to areas where the risk of endemic transmission or other exposure is high. Vaccine may not be effective in the prevention of airborne infection. The addition of antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended for such situations.
Rabies Rabies vaccine is administered to personnel with a high risk of exposure (animal handlers; certain laboratory, field, and security personnel; and personnel frequently exposed to potentially rabid animals in a non occupational or recreational setting).
Varicella  
When Deployed to Area Where In-Theater Commander Accesses a Biological Threat
Small Pox This vaccine is administered only under the authority of DoD Directive 6205.3, DoD Immunization Program for Biological Warfare Defense.
Anthrax This vaccine is administered only under the authority of DoD Directive 6205.3, DoD Immunization Program for Biological Warfare Defense.

Alert forces are defined as follows

Army. Members of units, both active and Reserve Component, designated to be in a state of readiness for immediate deployment to any area outside of the U.S., includes units and individuals required to be in a state of readiness for immediate deployment within 30 days or less of notification.

Navy and Marine Corps. All fleet units deployed on a scheduled or situational basis to any foreign country (except Canada). These units include all Navy and Military Sealift Command ships (including civilian mariners), aircraft squadrons, Fleet Marine Force units, construction battalion detachments, and naval special warfare personnel. This includes Medical Department personnel assigned to Mobile Medical Augmentation Readiness Teams and other naval personnel, including members of Reserve units, subject to foreign deployment on short notice.

Air Force. Aircrew personnel, individuals, and members of units (active, Reserve Component, and Air National Guard) subject to rapid deployment to any theater of operations by virtue of present assignment or mission function.

Coast Guard. Personnel attached to combat or combat support units (WHEC, WMEC, WPB, WAGB, WLB, CGAS), national strike force, members of the Coast Guard Reserve designated by the district commander, individuals or special teams which are available for immediate deployment outside the United States, and any or all members of a unit whose commanding officer chooses to protect and preserve operational effectiveness.

 

 

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