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Military Medical Standards for Enlistment & Commission

Eyes and Vision


Optic nerve.

Current or history of optic neuritis (377.3), including, but not limited to neuroretinitis, secondary optic atrophy, or documented history of retrobulbar neuritis is disqualifying.

Current or history of optic atrophy (377.1), or cortical blindness (377.75) is disqualifying.

Current or history of papilledema (377.0) is disqualifying.


Current aphakia (379.31), history of lens implant, or current or history of dislocation of a lens is disqualifying.

Current or history of opacities of the lens (366) that interfere with vision or that are considered to be progressive, including cataract (366.9), are disqualifying.

Ocular mobility and motility.

Current diplopia (386.2) is disqualifying.

Current nystagmus (379.50) other than physiologic “end-point nystagmus” is disqualifying.

Miscellaneous defects and conditions.

Current or history of abnormal visual fields due to disease of the eye or central nervous system (368.4), or trauma (368.9) is disqualifying.

Absence of an eye, clinical anophthalmos, unspecified congenital (743.00) or acquired, or current or history of other disorders of globe (360.8) is disqualifying.

Current asthenopia (368.13), is disqualifying.

Current unilateral or bilateral non-familial exophthalmos (376) is disqualifying.

Current or history of glaucoma (365), including, but not limited to primary, secondary, or pre-glaucoma as evidenced by intraocular pressure above 21 millimeters of mercury (mmHg), or changes in the optic disc or visual field loss associated with glaucoma, is disqualifying.

Current loss of normal pupillary reflex reactions to accommodation (367.5) or light (379.4), including Adie’s syndrome, is disqualifying.

Current night blindness (368.6) is disqualifying.

Current or history of retained intraocular foreign body (360) is disqualifying.

Current or history of any organic disease of the eye (360) or adnexa (376) not specified above, which threatens vision or visual function, is disqualifying.


Vision must be correctable (with glasses) to a minimum of one of the following:

(1) 20/40 in one eye and 20/70 in the other eye.

(2) 20/30 in one eye and 20/100 in the other eye.

(3) 20/20 in one eye and 20/400 in the other eye.

Current near visual acuity (367) of any degree that does not correct (with glasses) to 20/40 in the better eye is disqualifying.

Current refractive error (hyperopia (367.0), myopia (367.1), astigmatism (367.2)), or history of refractive error prior to any refractive surgery manifest by any refractive error in spherical equivalent of worse than -8.00 or +8.00 diopters is disqualifying.

Contact lenses.

Current complicated cases requiring contact lenses for adequate correction of vision, such as corneal scars (371) and irregular astigmatism (367.2), are disqualifying. (Note: For safety reasons, you will not be allowed to wear contact lenses during basic training).

Color vision

Failure to pass a color vision test is not an automatic disqualification. Although there is no standard, color vision will be tested because adequate color vision is a prerequisite for entry into many military specialties.

Derived from Department of Defense (DOD) Directive 6130.3, "Physical Standards for Appointment, Enlistment, and Induction," and DOD Instruction 6130.4, "Criteria and Procedure Requirements for Physical Standards for Appointment, Enlistment, or Induction in the Armed Forces."

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