chapter discusses the unique aspects of leader development, professional
development and career management of Army National Guard (ARNG) and U.S.
Army Reserve (USAR) officers. It also details how Army Reserve Component
(RC) officers are affected by OPMS.
Reserve Components of the Army include the ARNG and the USAR. When not
in a Federalized status (under Federal control), the ARNG comes under
control of the states, the territories of Guam and the Virgin Islands,
the commonwealth Puerto Rico or the District of Columbia. The USAR
is a Federal force within the Department of the Army.
ARNG and the USAR operate under separate and distinct systems according
to specific laws and regulations. However, since the purpose of the RC
is to augment the Active Component in times of need, it is imperative
that the implementation of these laws and regulations allow for the seamless
integration of RC units and individuals into the Active force.
RC consists of three categories: the Army Ready Reserve, the Standby Reserve,
and the Retired Reserve. This chapter focuses on the Ready Reserve. The
Ready Reserve is the largest category in the RC and contains the overwhelming
majority of pretrained military manpower to augment the Active Component
in time of war or national emergency. The Army Ready Reserve consists
of the Army Selected Reserve, the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) and the
Inactive National Guard (ING).
The Army Selected Reserve consists of the following:
Units (USAR and ARNG). Soldiers assigned to USAR and ARNG
units fall into this category, which is divided into two subgroups:
Drilling Unit Reservists. Soldiers assigned in drill status. These
soldiers drill 48 Unit Training Assemblies (UTAs) per year and 14
days (15 days for ARNG) per year in annual training (AT) status.
Active Guard Reserve (AGR). Soldiers serving in an active duty
status for at least 180 days, performing administrative and training
duties in direct support of the ARNG and USAR. The primary objective
of the AGR program is to improve the readiness of the Reserve Component.
Training Pipeline (Non-deployable Account). Selected Re-serve
enlisted soldiers who have not yet completed initial active duty for
training (IADT), officers who are in training for professional
categories, or undergraduate flying training and cadets en-rolled
in the Simultaneous Membership Program (SMP).
Individual Mobilization Augmentation (IMA) (USAR only). Soldiers
assigned to this control group perform at least 12 days of AT each
year and are assigned to a specific duty position in an AC unit or
The Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) (USAR only) consists of the following:
Control Group Annual Training. Ready Reserve soldiers with
a training obligation who do not belong to a USAR unit. They must
perform AT when so directed.
Control GroupReinforcement. All other non-unit Ready Reserve
soldiers not assigned to another control group.
Control GroupOfficer Active Duty Obligor. Active duty officers
who are appointed in the USAR but do not enter onto active duty at
the time of their appointment. These officers maintain their obligated
status and may be ordered to active duty or duty with a ARNG or USAR
Control Group Dual Component. Regular Army of the United
States enlisted soldiers or warrant officers who hold Army Reserve
commissions or warrants.
Inactive National Guard (ING) personnel (ARNG only). Personnel in an
inactive status in the Selected Reserve, attached to a specific National
Guard unit. They muster once a year, but do not participate in training
activities. ING soldiers are considered mobilization assets of
Personnel Management System
and OPMS-USAR purpose
of OPMS XXI to ARNG and USAR officers
management life cycle
Evaluation Reporting System (OERS)
information derived from Army Pamplet 600-3