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Guard and Reserve

Guard and Reserve. In these days of reduced active duty forces, the National Guard and Reserves play an important part in keeping our military strong. The "Weekend Warriors" don't just work on weekends anymore.

National Guard Educational Benefits
In addition to federal education benefits (Reserve Montgomery GI Bill), all states offer additional educational benefits for members of the National Guard. These programs are operated, funded, and managed under the laws of the individual state, not the federal government. In most cases, both the Reserve Montgomery GI Bill and the Active Duty GI bill may be used at the same time with State educational programs.

National Guard Tuition Assistance
The National Guard offers excellent education benefits . Federal Tuition Assistance (FTA) (as opposed to those opportunities which may exist in your state) is available through FTA funds are authorized for vocational-technical, undergraduate, graduate, independent study, and distance learning programs. Courses must be offered by institutions accredited by agencies recognized by the United States Department of Education.

Annual Muster Requirements for Navy IRR Sailors
Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) Sailors have new reporting requirements effective since Jan. 22 (2006) that call for an annual muster and verification of civilian employment information (CEI).

Army Commissioned Officer Career Information
Detailed information for Army National Guard and Reserve commissioned officer careers, including information about promotions, assignments, evaluation reports, education programs and requirements, and more.

Army Enlisted Promotion Basics (Reserves)
Basic qualification criteria for enlisted promotions in the United States Army Reserves.

Army Guard and Reserve to Rebalance
The Army Guard and Reserves are not out of people, but out of balance. So the Guard and Reserves are”rebalancing.” The Army is adding more military police and civil affairs personnel and converting other personnel, such as artillery, into more needed skill sets.

Army Guard/Reserve Non-Participation Discharges
Under a personnel initiative, Army Reserve and National Guard Soldiers who do not attend required weekend training may soon face streamlined discharge procedures.

Army IRR Musters
The Army plans a physical muster of about 10,000 Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) Soldiers beginning in March. In the past, members of the IRR weren't required to physically report for muster, due to funding reasons. However, following a successful test program last year, the Army has initiated a physical muster program. Soliders required to muster will receive official orders.

Army Reserves -- Answering the Nation's Call for 97 Years
On April 23, 1908, a new component of the U.S. Army came into being with the creation of the Medical Reserve Corps, the Army’s first federal reserve force. Today, that reserve force -- which numbered about 360 medical professionals one year after its creation -- is known as the U.S. Army Reserve, a specialized, complementary and skill-rich force of some 205,000 citizen-warriors.

Border Patrol
Under Bush's plan, announced May 15 (2006), up to 6,000 National Guard members will provide mobile communications, transportation, logistics, training, and construction support to the U.S. Border Patrol. The National Guard will not provide law enforcement support. Military forces will not be involved in apprehension or detention of illegal immigrants.

Call-up to Active Duty
Federal law places limits on when and how many military reservists the President or secretaries of the services can call up to active duty. The limitations of how many/how long depends on the reason for the call up. Here are the statutory limitions.

Child Care Program for Guard and Reserve Members
The Defense Department has joined forces with national agencies to help Guard and Reserve families in finding and affording child care while Mom or Dad is deployed in support of the global war on terrorism.

Deployment Extension Stabilization Pay (DESP) program
Army National Guard Soldiers who deploy on or after September 1, 2009 will no longer be affected by involuntary STOP-LOSS. The Army is replacing the Army National Guard program with a voluntary extension program that will offer a cash bonus for eligible Soldiers who elect to extend their enlistment in order to deploy.

It is different when a National Guard unit deploys. The "total force" includes active duty and reserve component service members. And while the missions that like units go on are identical, there are differences in the way active duty and reserve components deploy.

Early Retirement for National Guard and Reserves
Under previous law, members of the Guard and Reserves could not begin receiving their retired pay until age 60. Under a change implemented by the FY 2009 National Defense Authorization Act, however, certain members may be able to start receiving their retired pay as early as age 50.

First Female KIA
The National Guard is mourning its first female Soldier ever to be killed in action. Spc. Michelle Witmer, a military police specialist from the Wisconsin Army National Guard, died in Iraq April 9. Witmer, 20, was killed in Baghdad by an improvised explosive device and small arms attack, according to an April 12 casualty report from the Department of Defense.

Full Time Positions (Army Guard/Reserves)
The Active-Guard-Reserve program has seen an increase of approximately 300 new assignment opportunities during this fiscal year. AGR Soldiers serve in full-time, active-duty positions in worldwide locations. They provide day-to-day operational support needed to ensure Army Reserve units are ready to mobilize when needed.

Guard/Reserve Mobilized
Cumulative roster of National Guard and Miliary Reserve mobilized in support of Iraq and the "War on Terrosim."

History of the Army National Guard
The Army National Guard predates the founding of the nation and a standing military by almost a century and a half - and is therefore the oldest component of the United States armed forces.

Interstate Transfers for National Guard Members
Except when mobilized to Federal Service, National Guard units belong to the state, and not the federal government. So, what happens when a member of the National Guard wants to move from one state to another? Is the member required to travel back to the original state to perform drills? Not necessarily.

National Guard (Army) Sniper School
The National Guard Sniper School, established in 1993 at Camp Joseph T. Robinson, has come of age in one important way. The U.S. Army accredited it last December. It will soon get the chance to train active Army soldiers in the deadly art and science of deliberately stalking and killing the enemy without remorse and from distances that are hard to fathom.

National Guard Education Benefits
In addition to federal education benefits, all states offer additional educational benefits for members of the National Guard. These programs are operated, funded, and managed under the laws of the individual state. State education benefits for National Guard members can be found on this page.

National Guard Recruiting Assistance Program
Looking for a part-time job? If you're a member of the drilling Army or Air National Guard, you can apply to be an Army National Guard Recruiting Assistant and earn $2,000 for each recruit you refer for enlistment in the Army National Guard.

Naval Reserve Re-Training
Naval Reservists that are having trouble making rate may now be able to choose an alternate avenue to advance in their career--transferring to a different rating. Ratings that were once crowded may have shortages now due to several reasons, like retirements. Normally, to change ratings, personnel have to be an E-6 or below with less than 12 years of service, but there are exceptions.

Navy Full Time Support (FTS) Program
Navy Full Time Support (FTS) sailors are members of the Navy Reserves who perform full-time active duty, receiving the same pay, allowances, and benefits as active duty members. The purpose of the Full Time Support (FTS) program is to train and administer the Navy Reserve.

New Health Care Plan for Some Reservists
The Department of Defense announced on March 24, that beginning April 2005 a new premium-based, health care plan will be available to eligible National Guard and Reserve members activated for contingency operations on or after Sept. 11, 2001.

Performing State Missions
While more than 77,000 National Guard members are deployed in support of the global war on terror, their comrades at home are carrying out their state missions. They're pulling security duty in New York City, preparing for hurricane response in the Southeastern United States, conducting high-altitude rescues and preparing to provide wildfire-fighting support, if needed.

Personnel Force Innovation (PFI) Program
Are you in the National Guard or Reserves, and looking for a full-time job? Have you heard about the Department of Defense's Personnel Force Innovation (PFI) program? This program allows Guard and Reserve members to apply for active duty tours, working for various DOD agencies.

Reserve DT and HM Nursing Degree Program
A new program is now offered to Hospital Corpsman (HM) and Dental Technician (DT) drilling Reservists who are interested in pursuing a Baccalaureate in Nursing Degree (BSN). This new drilling option allows a drilling HM or DT to earn drill pay and credit for attending school.

Reserve Income Replacement Program
The Reserve Income Replacement Program was developed to provide specific payments to eligible members of the National Guard and Reserve who are involuntary serving on active duty (the term active duty includes full-time National Guard duty) and who are experiencing a monthly active duty income differential of more than $50.00, as determined by the member’s Service Secretary.

Reserve Retirement Pay System
A brief explanation of the Reserve & National Guard retirement pay system.

Reserve Temporary Health Care Benefits
DOD has announced that it will implement the “2004 Temporary Reserve Health Benefit Program” for certain eligible Reserve Component sponsors and their family members. There are three temporary Tricare benefit provisions included; some are effective as of Nov. 6, 2003, and all expire Dec. 31, 2004.

Security Forces Augmentee Duty for Reservists
Reserve component enlisted Airmen in any career field are eligible for a unique program allowing them to help protect Air Force bases nationwide. The air reserve component force protection volunteer program gives individual mobilization augmentee, Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard members in grades E-6 and below the opportunity to serve tours with security forces units at most stateside bases.

Student Loans
Military personnel who have been deployed or mobilized are not required to make student loan payments during their absences. Federal regulations require lenders to postpone the student loan program payments of active duty military personnel. This applies to members of the Guard and Reserves who have been called to active duty.

Survivor Benefit Plan (Reserves)
Reservists who complete 20 years of satisfactory service are entitled to apply for retired pay once they reach age 60. If the Reservist dies prior to reaching age 60, entitlement to retired pay terminates. The only way your survivor(s) may receive a payment from the Military in the form of an annuity, if you die prior to age 60, is through the Reserve Component Survivor Benefit Plan (RCSBP).

Telecommuting in the Navy Reserves
Increased flexibility is the order of the day for U.S. Naval Reservists, and the Navy is ready to serve. The Naval Reserve Force has authorized telecommuting as an appropriate means of performing inactive duty training (IDT), allowing many Reservists an alternative to long hours of travel.

Transfer to Active Duty for Demobilized Army Reservists
The Army has established new procedures which make it easier for a member of the Reserves or National Guard, coming off mobilization to voluntarily transfer to the Active Duty Army.

Transfering from Guard/Reserve to Active Duty
Information and procedures about transfering from the National Guard or Reserve Military Forces to the Active Duty Forces.

Tricare Reserve Select
Thousands of Reserve and Guard servicemembers can now qualify to purchase more healthcare coverage for themselves and their families under a new Tricare program that began April 26 (2005).

The Nation Guard- Always Ready, Always There
The National Guard and its forerunners have played a profound role in shaping American history, and are perhaps under recognized for their vital contributions and sacrifices in battle. Since the earliest days of the U.S. military, citizen soldiers have left their civilian lives behind to fight alongside their permanent counterparts, be it in the blood-soaked fields of the Civil War, the jungles of Vietnam or the deserts of Iraq.

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