Military members who are involuntarily separated from the military may be entitled to involuntary separation pay (severance pay). The below charts list the full-rate of involuntary separation pay for enlisted members who are involuntarily separated during calendary year 2009.
To be eligible, a military member must have six or more years of active duty, and less than 20 years.
There are two types of pay: (1) Full Pay and (2) Half Pay. To qualify for full pay, the member must be involuntarily separated, be fully qualified for retention and the service must be characterized as "Honorable." Examples would be separation due to reduction in force, or separation due to exceeding the high year of tenure.
To qualify for half pay, the member must be involuntarily separated, with service characterized as Honorable or General (under honorable conditions), and the reason for discharge must not be one of the following:
- The member is separated from active duty at the member's own request.
- The member is separated from active duty during an initial term of enlistment or an initial period of obligated service. The initial term of enlistment or initial period of obligated service is the active service obligation that the member incurred upon initial enlistment or upon enrollment in a commissioning program. This limitation also applies to a member who desires to reenlist or continue at the conclusion of the initial term of enlistment or an initial period of obligation and is denied by the Military Service concerned.
- The member is released from active duty for training or from full-time National Guard duty for training.
- The member is immediately eligible at separation for retired or retainer pay based upon his or her military service.
- The member is a warrant officer whose appointment is terminated and who then elects to enlist.
- The member is separated as a result of the execution of a court-martial sentence.
- The member is being dropped from the rolls of the Military Service concerned.
- The member is being separated under other than honorable conditions.
- The member is an enlisted member who is separated for unsatisfactory performance or misconduct.
- The member is an officer who is separated for substandard performance, or acts of misconduct or moral or professional dereliction.
- A Regular officer having twice failed for selection for the promotion to the next higher grade is not entitled to separation pay if that officer, after such second failure of selection for promotion, is selected for, and declines, continuation on active duty for a period that is equal to or more than the amount of service required to qualify the officer for retirement.
The below chart shows payments to members who have exactly the number of years of service listed. Actual amounts may vary slightly as payments are based on both full and partial years of service.
Involuntary separation pay is based upon grade (rank) and years of active service:
Involuntary Separation Pay