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United States Military Pay and Benefits

Family Separation Allowance (Page 2)

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Temporary Social Visits by Dependents

Family Separation Allowance, Type I, and FSA Type II when member is on a PCS Assignment where Dependents are not authorized to travel at Government Expense: Credit continues to accrue while the member's dependents visit at or near his or her permanent station, but for no longer than 3 continuous months. Facts clearly must show that the dependents merely are visiting (not changing residence) and that the visit is temporary and not intended to exceed 3 months. If, for unforeseen reasons (due to illness or other emergency), a bona fide social visit extends beyond 3 months, stop credit for FSA at the end of the 3-month period. If the visit initially is intended to exceed 3 months, stop FSA credit the day before the dependents arrive at the member's permanent station. Credit is again authorized on and after the day that the dependents depart from the permanent station. A member is entitled to FSA-I and/or FSA II, however, even though one or more (but not all) dependents visit for longer than 3 months, if the member is entitled on behalf of the dependents who are not visiting the member.

Family Separation Allowance, Type II, when member is TDY: Credit continues to accrue to a member whose dependents visit at or near the temporary duty station continuously for 30 days or less. Facts must show the dependents merely are visiting. If the visit exceeds 30 days, the member is not entitled to FSA for any part of the period, unless the visit is extended because of illness or other emergency. Under such circumstances, payment of the allowance is limited to 30 days. Entitlement to FSA resumes on the day that the dependents depart the temporary duty station, if the member's TDY extends for more than 30 days from that date. Entitlement to FSA exists if one or more(but not all) of the dependents visit for longer than 30 days, if the member otherwise is entitled on behalf of the dependents who are not visiting the member.

Family Separation Allowance, Type II, when member is assigned to a ship, deployed away from home-port: Credit continues to accrue to the member whose dependents are visiting at or near the duty station (or any port) continuously for 30 days or less. Facts must show that the dependents merely are visiting. If the visit exceeds 30 days, entitlement to FSA ends on the day preceding the date of dependent arrival, unless the visit is extended because of illness or other emergency. Under such circumstances, payment of FSA is limited to 30 days. Entitlement to FSA exists if one or more (but not all) of the dependents visit for longer than 30 days, if the member otherwise is entitled to FSA on behalf of the dependents who are not visiting the member.

Dependents Reside Near Duty Station

Family Separation Allowance does not accrue to a member if all of the dependents reside at or near the duty station. If some (but not all) of the dependents voluntarily reside near the duty station, FSA may accrue on behalf of those dependents who do not reside at or near the duty station. Consider dependents as residing near a duty station if the member actually commutes daily, regardless of distance.

Consider dependents as residing near a duty station if they live within a reasonable commuting distance of that station, whether or not the member commutes daily. A distance of 50 miles, one way, is normally considered to be within reasonable commuting distance of a station; however, the 50- mile rule is not inflexible. Unusual conditions may permit a determination that dependents do not live within a reasonable commuting distance, even though the distance involved is less than 50 miles one way. In a situation where the distance is less than 50 miles, but the time required to commute one way by commonly used route and method of transportation would exceed 1-1/2 hours, the dependents shall be considered as not residing near the member's duty station unless the member actually commutes daily.

If dependents are authorized concurrent travel with the member to the duty station and are subsequently authorized to reside at a point over 50 miles from member's duty station for personal reasons, rather than as a result of military restriction on dependents' travel, FSA entitlement does not accrue.

For detailed information about Family Separation Allowance entitlement, see Department of Defense (DOD) Pay Regulation, Volume 7A (Active Duty & Reserve Pay), Chapter 27-- Family Separation Allowance (FSA).

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