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Geneva Conventions
Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War
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When one speaks of the Geneva Conventions, they are usually referring to the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, which was ratified in the aftermath of World War II.

There were actually four Geneva Conventions. The First Geneva Convention was agreed to in 1864. The agreement provided for the protection of all medical facilities, their personnel and any civilians aiding the wounded. It also gives the Red Cross international recognition as a neutral medical group.

The First convention was originally signed by 12 nations (The United States was not one of these). The United States signed the Second Convention, which occurred in 1882. The second convention extended the protection of the first convention to wounded combatants at sea and shipwrecked sailors.

The Third Geneva Convention was convened in 1929 and resulted in specific protections for prisoners of war. The Fourth Geneva Convention was signed in 1949. This convention reaffirmed the requirements of the first three conventions and provided protections for civilians during wartime.

Below are the requirements of the Geneva Conventions as they relate to the treatment of Prisoners of War (POWs):

Part I - General Provisions

Article 1
Article 2
Article 3
Article 4
Article 5
Article 6
Article 7
Article 8
Article 9
Article 10
Article 11

Part II - General Protections of Prisoners of War

Article 12
Article 13
Article 14
Article 15
Article 16

Part III - Captivity

Section I - Beginning of Captivity

Article 17
Article 18
Article 19
Article 20

Section II - Internment of Prisoners of War

Chapter I - General Observations

Article 21
Article 22
Article 23
Article 24

Chapter II - Quarters, Food and Clothing of Prisoners of War

Article 25
Article 26
Article 27
Article 28

Chapter III - Hygene and Medical Attention

Article 29
Article 30
Article 31
Article 32

Chapter IV - Medical Personnel and Chaplains Retained to Assist Prisoners of War

Article 33

Chapter V - Religious, Intellectual and Physical Activities

Article 34
Article 35
Article 36
Article 37
Article 38

Chapter VI - Discipline

Article 39
Article 40
Article 41
Article 42

Chapter VII - Ranks of Prisoners of War

Article 43
Article 44
Article 45

Chapter VIII - Transfer of Prisoners of War After Arrival in Camp

Article 46
Article 47
Article 48

Section III - Labour of Prisoners of War

Article 49
Article 50
Article 51
Article 52
Article 53
Article 54
Article 55
Article 56
Article 57

Section IV - Financial Resources of Prisoners of War

Article 58
Article 59
Article 60
Article 61
Article 62
Article 63
Article 64
Article 65
Article 66
Article 67
Article 68

Section V - Relations of Prisoners of War with the Exterior

Article 69
Article 70
Article 71
Article 72
Article 73
Article 74
Article 75
Article 76
Article 77

Section VI - Relations Between Prisoners of War and the Authorities

Chapter I - Complaints of Prisoners of War Respecting the Conditions of Captivity

Article 78

Chapter II - Prisoner of War Representatives

Article 79
Article 80
Article 81

Chapter III - Penal and Disciplinary Sanctions

Part I - General Provisions

Article 82
Article 83
Article 84
Article 85
Article 86
Article 87
Article 88

Part II - Disciplinary Sanctions

Article 89
Article 90
Article 91
Article 92
Article 93
Article 94
Article 95
Article 96
Article 97
Article 98

Part III - Judicial Proceedings

Article 99
Article 100
Article 101
Article 102
Article 103
Article 104
Article 105
Article 106
Article 107
Article 108

Part IV - Termination of Captivity

Section I - Direct Repatriation and Accommodation in Neutral Countries

Article 109
Article 110
Article 111
Article 112
Article 113
Article 114
Article 115
Article 116
Article 117

Section II - Release and Repatriation of Prisoners of War at the Close of Hostilities

Article 118
Article 119

Section III - Death of Prisoners of War

Article 120
Article 121

Part V - Information Bureaux and Relief Societies for Prisoners of War

Article 122
Article 123
Article 124
Article 125

Part VI - Execution of the Convention

Section I - General Provisions

Article 126
Article 127
Article 128
Article 129
Article 130
Article 131
Article 132

Section II - Final Provisions

Article 133
Article 134
Article 135
Article 136
Article 137
Article 138
Article 139
Article 140
Article 141
Article 142
Article 143

 

 

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