The United States Army is the main ground-force of the United States. The Army's main function is to protect and defend the United States (and its interests) by way of ground troops, armor (tanks), artillery, attack helicopters, tactical nuclear weapons, etc. The Army is the oldest U.S. Military service, officially established by the Continental Congress on June 14, 1775. Traditionally, the Army has been trained and organized to deploy large, heavily armored and equipped ground combat forces, while the Marine Corps was primarily used when smaller, lightly armored, ground forces were required to be mobilized quickly. However, those lines have been blurred since 9/11.
Before 9/11 the Army was organized around large, mostly mechanized divisions of approximately 15,000 Soldiers each. It took a lot of time and effort to deploy such large forces and their equipment, making rapid reaction nearly impossible. The Army then began reorganizing their forces into rapidly-deployable Brigade Combat Teams (BCT), each with 3,000-4,000 Soldiers, along with Brigade Support Battalions (BSB) designed to provide combat support to those teams. By 2007, the Army had reorganized to 42 BCTs and 75 BSBs, and by the year 2013, the Army plans to have 48 BCTs and 83 BSBs.
- Recruiting Environment
- Enlistment Incentives
- Job Opportunities
- Basic Training
- Assignment Opportunities
- Quality of Life
- Promotion Opportunities
- Educational Opportunities
- Enlisted Commissioning Programs
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