1. Careers

Your suggestion is on its way!

An email with a link to:


was emailed to:

Thanks for sharing About.com with others!

Military Job Specialties

The following is a synopsis of Military Occupational Specialties
(MOS) and Career Management Fields (CMF) of Army skills.
Your Army recruiter will have the most current information.

(Reserve) = MOS available only in USAR

* = MOS closed to women

# = Not an entry level MOS


Infantry is a military profession and therefore has no direct civilian
counterpart. However, the skills, knowledge and personal
development that a soldier gains can go far in helping obtain
worthwhile civilian employment. Additionally, there are special units and skills applicable to this MOS, such as Airborne, Airmobile, Air Assault, etc.


11B Infantryman*

11C Mortar Infantryman*

11H Anti-tank Infantryman*

11M Bradley Fighting Vehicle Infantryman*


Each of the Army jobs is related directly to similar or equivalent
civilian occupations. Army experiences may help prepare a soldier for possible employment in construction, forestry or industrial operations in the civilian sector.


12B Combat Engineer *

12C Bridge Crewmember

12F Engineer Tracked Vehicle Crewman *


Field artillery work is highly specialized. On the civilian side, the skills and knowledge acquired in the Army might be translated into meaningful work in a variety of engineering, manufacturing and production fields.


13B Cannon Crewmember *

13C Automated Fire Support Systems Specialist *

13E Cannon Fire Direction Specialist *

13F Fire Support Specialist *

13M Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) Crewmember *

13P MLRS/LANCE Operations Fire Direction Specialist *

13R Field Artillery Firefinder Radar Operator *

82C Field Artillery Surveyor

93F Field Artillery Meteorological Crewmember


Air defense artillery work is highly specialized. Although it is unique to the military, the skills and knowledge acquired could be translated into civilian work with private industries, public agencies and other users or manufacturers of complex electromechanical equipment.


14D HAWK Missile System Crewmember

14E Patriot Fire Control Enhanced Operator/Maintainer

14J Air Defense Command Control Computer Communication and Intelligence Tactical Operations Center Enhanced Operator/ Maintainer *

14L AN/TSQ-73 Air Defense Artillery Command and Control System Operator/Maintainer

14M Man Portable Air Defense System Crewmember (Reserve Component)

14R Bradley Linebacker Crewmember *

14S Avenger Crewmember *

14T PATRIOT Launching Station Enhanced operator/Maintainer

16P Chaparral Crewmember *


Special Forces is an elite military organization that employs specialized elements to accomplish specifically directed missions in times of peace and war. Although CMF 18 MOS are not entry level positions, an SF soldier with specialized training,
skills, knowledge and personal development can obtain worthwhile employment in law enforcement, personal security or national security agencies.


18B Special Operations Weapons Sergeant *#

18C Special Operations Engineer *#

18D Special Operations Medical Sergeant *#

18E Special Operations Communications Sergeant *#


There is no directly related civilian counterpart to the armor field. However, abilities and experiences in working with heavy mechanical equipment may be applicable to heavy construction, steel work and logging industries.


19D Cavalry Scout *

19K Armor Crewman *


The training and experience gained may prepare a person for a variety of civilian occupations in engineering, production, manufacturing, broadcasting or other areas that are concerned with highly sophisticated electronic and electromechanical gear.


23R Hawk Missile System Mechanic

24N Chaparral System Mechanic


As a civilian with Army experience in audio-visual (AV) work, there are employment opportunities in radio and television stations, AV production houses, government agencies,
schools and colleges.


25M Multimedia Illustrator

25R Visual Information/ Audio Equipment Repairer

25V Combat Documentation & Production Specialist


In the past few years, the field of communications and telecommunications has grown increasingly important, so much so, that almost every large corporation or government agency literally depends on such devices for successful day-to-day operation.


31C Radio Operator-Maintainer

31F Network Switching Systems Operator-Maintainer

31L Wire Systems Installer

31P Microwave Systems Operator-Maintainer

31R Multichannel Transmission Systems Operator

31S Satellite Communications Systems


31U Signal Support Systems Specialist


The work done in the Army is duplicated in civilian life by those who design and manufacture communications equipment. The electronic knowledge needed to repair and maintain such equipment is in short supply. Employment openings are found with electronic equipment manufacturers and telecommunications companies.


33R EW/Intercept Aviation System Repairer

33T EW/Intercept Tactical System Repairer

33Y Strategic Systems Repairer


There is an increasing need in the civilian sector for people with experience in the electronic maintenance field. The training and experience gained may prepare a person for a variety of civilian occupations in the electronics field, to include electronics testers, electronics assemblers, and electronics inspectors.


24H HAWK Fire Control Repairer (Reserve Component only)

24K HAWK Continuous Wave Radar Repairer (Reserve Component only)

27E Land Combat Electronic Missile System Repairer

27F Vulcan Repairer

27G Chaparral/Redeye Repairer

27H Hawk Firing Section Repairer

27K Hawk Fire Control/Continuous Wave Radar Repairer

27M Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) Repairer

27T Avenger System Repairer

27X Patriot System Repairer (PS Active Army only)

35B Land Combat Support System Test Specialist

35C Surveillance Radar Repairer

35D Air Traffic Control (ATC) Equipment Repairer

35E Radio and Communications Security Repairer

35F Special Electronic Devices Repairer

35H Test, Measurement & Diagnostic Equipment Support Specialist

35J Telecommunications Terminal Device Repairer

35L Avionic Communications Equipment Repairer

35M Radar Repairer

35N Wire Systems Equipment Repairer

35Q Avionic Flight Systems Repairer

35R Avionic Radar Repairer

35Y Integrated Family of Test Equipment Operator/Maintainer

39B Automatic Test Equipment Operator/Maintainer


Experience as a PSYOP specialist develops skills in basic marketing techniques from market segmentation, analysis of consumer behavior to advertising and sales promotion.
The soldier is further exposed to data processing, graphics manipulation, broadcast journalism, and videography. An assignment within Psychological Operations provides the soldier considerable formulation of information strategies that involves joint, combined, and inter-agency coordination. All CMF 37 soldiers receive basic foreign language and airborne training. Cultural orientation is derived from oconus experience.


37F Psychological Operations Specialist



38A Civil Affairs Specialist (Reserve Component)


With the training and experience acquired by doing Army public affairs work, an individual is well qualified for similar civilian work. Typical employers would be corporations, advertising and public relations agencies, broadcasting stations and government agencies.


46Q Journalist

46R Broadcast Journalist


The civilian construction industry is one of the nations largest, and employment opportunities are very often related to seasons of the year. In addition, job opportunities exist in other areas, such as with large corporations, public works departments and other similar organizations that employ their own construction crews.


00B Diver

51B Carpentry and Masonry Specialist

51K Plumber

51M Firefighter

51R Interior Electrician

51T Technical Engineering Specialist

52E Prime Power Production Specialist #

52G Transmission and Distribution Specialist (USAR)

62E Heavy Construction Equipment Operator

62F Crane Operator

62G Quarrying Specialist

62H Concrete and Asphalt Equipment Operator

62J General Construction Equipment Operator


A Chemical Soldier, is a special kind of soldier, trained and ready to fight and win in the 21st century. You will be trained in Nuclear,Biological, and Chemical (NBC) Defense. The training you receive will help protect your country, and the world against NBC weapons of mass destruction. Your expertise as a Chemical Soldier may help prepare you for a civilian specialty job such as environmental specialist, a member of a rapid response team for hazardous material, or a chemical incident and accident response team member for city, county, state, or government programs. Your developed skills in leadership, teamwork, and problem-solving, combined with a keen sense of responsibility, self-discipline and motivation, are skills and values demanded by all civilian employers.


54B Chemical Operations Specialist


As a civilian, one could find that Army training and experience would be suitable in a wide variety of jobs ranging from manufacturing and production to warehousing and distribution work.


55B Ammunition Specialist

55D Explosive Ordnance Disposal Specialist


Machines play such an important role in our lives that just about anywhere you go, you will find them in use; and wherever they are used, someone is needed to keep them going. Manufacturing plants, industries, construction companies and apartment
buildings all utilize equipment that is closely related to the kinds in the Army.


44B Metal Worker

44E Machinist

45B Small Arms/Artillery Repairer

45D Self-propelled Field Artillery Turret Mechanic

45E M1A1 Abrams Tank Turret Mechanic *

45G Fire Control Repairer

45K Armament Repairer

45N M60A1/A3 Tank Turret Mechanic (USAR)

45T Bradley Fighting Vehicle System Turret Mechanic *

52C Utilities Equipment Repairer

52D Power Generation Equipment Repairer

52F Turbine Engine Drive/Generator Repairer

62B Construction Equipment Repairer

63B Light Wheel Vehicle Mechanic

63D Self-propelled Field Artillery Repairer *

63E M1 Abrams Tank System Mechanic

63G Fuel and Electrical Systems Repairer

63H Track Vehicle Repairer

63J Quartermaster and Chemical Equipment Repairer

63S Heavy Wheel Vehicle Mechanic

63T M2-3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle System Mechanic *

63W Wheel Vehicle Repairer

63Y Track Vehicle Mechanic


Civilian opportunities in aircraft maintenance are related directly to Army positions. There are aircraft manufacturers, commercial airlines and corporate aircraft - all of which are required by federal law to have routine inspections, maintenance and servicing.


67G Utility Airplane Repairer

67N Utility Helicopter Repairer

67R AH-64 Attack Helicopter Repairer

67S Helicopter Repairer (OH-58D)

67T UH-60 Helicopter Repairer

67U Medium Helicopter Repairer

67V Observation/Scout Helicopter Repairer

67X Heavy Lift Helicopter Repairer (USAR)

67Y AH-1 Attack Helicopter Repairer

68B Aircraft Powerplant Repairer

68D Aircraft Powertrain Repairer

68F Aircraft Electrician

68G Aircraft Structural Repairer

68H Aircraft Pneudraulics Repairer

68J Aircraft/Armament/Missile Systems Repairer

68N Avionic Mechanic

68X AH-64 Armament/Electrical Systems Repairer


Private industry and business, as well as public service agencies, have experienced a continuing need for competent administrative personnel. Whether in the Army or in civilian life, administrative workers are the backbone of effective and efficient management.


71D Legal Specialist

71L Administrative Specialist

71M Chaplain Assistant

73C Finance Specialist

73D Accounting Specialist

75B Personnel Administration Specialist

75C Personnel Management Specialist

75D Personnel Records Specialist

75E Personnel Actions Specialist

75F Personnel Information System Management


75H Personnel Services Specialist


Civilian career opportunities have been excellent for some time and are expected to continue, if not expand, as more and more businesses, institutions, and government agencies rely on computerized systems to provide them with the information they need to function efficiently.


74B Information Systems Operator-Analyst

74C Telecommunications Operator-Maintainer

74G Telecommunications Computer



The Army s Quartermaster Branch studies and utilizes modern business methods to ensure the efficient and effective support of soldiers and worldwide Army operations. Our relationship to fundamental business practices and industrial influence make Quartermaster skills in the Army s Supply and Service arena easily transferable to civilian industries. Skills learned through classroom and on-the-job training vary greatly by MOS. Some examples that are easily transferable to civilian industry are, supply data processor, inventory specialist, warehousing manager, food service management, mortuary sciences, airload and parachute preparation, fabric and upholstery repair and commercial laundry skills (hospital and hotel). Comparable employment is often found in civilian industries and the civilian job sector uses skills learned in every Quartermaster MOS.


43M Fabric Repair Specialist

57E Laundry and Bath Specialist

92A Automated Logistical Specialist

92G Food Service Specialist

92M Mortuary Affairs Specialist

92R Parachute Rigger

92Y Unit Supply Specialist


The Army produces thousands of petroleum and water specialists each year. The schooling received coupled with on-the-job training, provides immeasurable experience that can be easily transferred to the civilian sector. Petroleum and water jobs entail much more than pumping fuel or water. The skills learned in these MOSs can be utilized in a host of civilian jobs including petroleum storage, distribution, environmental safety, and laboratory analysis of petroleum products. Skills learned when working in the water field include water production and analysis, storage, distribution, and environmental safety measures. Civilian employment opportunities exist with petroleum storage facilities, airport fuel operations, local fuel distributors, industrial laboratories, and civilian water production facilities.


77F Petroleum Supply Specialist

77L Petroleum Laboratory Specialist

77W Water Treatment Specialist


A soldier gains invaluable experience for civilian employment particularly in the area of personnel and sales work. Personnel employers can be found at all levels of government and private industry.


79R Recruiter Noncommissioned Officer #

79S Retention Noncommissioned Officer #


With the training and experience acquired in this Army career field, a person is qualified for civilian work that is quite similar. Typical potential employers would be federal or state cartographic agencies, commercial surveyors, printing companies,
engineering firms or construction companies.


81C Cartographer

81L Printing and Bindery Specialist

81Q Terrain Analyst

81T Topographic Analyst

82D Topographic Surveyor


The majority of Army positions in this field are closely related to similar civilian occupations. Potential civilian employers are trucking firms, marinas, airports, railroads and intra-coastal shipping companies.


88H Cargo Specialist

88K Watercraft Operator

88L Watercraft Engineer

88M Motor Transport Operator

88N Traffic Management Coordinator

88P Railway Equipment Repairer (USAR)

88Q Railway Car Repairer (USAR)

88R Airbrake Repairer (USAR)

88S Locomotive Electrician (USAR)

88T Railway Section Repairer (USAR)

88U Railway Operations Crewmember (USAR)

88V Train Crewmember (USAR)


Each Army medical job has a direct civilian counterpart. Whether in the Army or in civilian life, medical workers are in great demand, and opportunities for advancement are excellent in both cases.


42C Orthotic Specialist

42E Optical Laboratory Specialist

71G Patient Administration Specialist

76J Medical Supply Specialist

91A Medical Equipment Repairer

91B Medical Specialist

91CC Practical Nurse (ACASP)

91C Practical Nurse (USAR)

91D Operating Room Specialist

91E Dental Specialist

91K Medical Laboratory Specialist

91M Hospital Food Service Specialist

91P Radiology Specialist

91Q Pharmacy Specialist

91R Veterinary Food Inspection Specialist

91S Preventive Medicine Specialist

91T Animal Care Specialist

91VC Respiratory Specialist (ACASP)

91V Respiratory Specialist (USAR)

91X Mental Health Specialist


Experience gained by working in the Army aviation and air traffic control field is invaluable in the civilian job market. Excellent opportunities exist at commercial and corporate airlines.


93B Aeroscout Observer

93C Air Traffic Control (ATC) Operator

93P Aviation Operations Specialist


Upon returning to civilian life, a soldier may find considerable opportunities in police, security or investigative employment. The background acquired in the Army could be applied to a career with a federal, state or local law enforcement agency, or in the fields of correctional or industrial security.


95B Military Police

95C Corrections Specialist


Corporations, government agencies and other organizations highly regard intelligence experience for selected civilian jobs, because it represents abilities that are usually associated with managerial and executive-level work - abilities that establish integrity, loyalty and trustworthiness.


96B Intelligence Analyst

96D Imagery Analyst

96H Imagery Ground Station Operator

96R Ground Surveillance Systems Operator *

96U Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Operator

97B Counterintelligence Assistant

97E Interrogator

97G Signal Security Specialist

97L Translator/Interpreter (USAR)


Employment opportunities for civilian musicians can range from moderately to highly competitive, depending on the job or type of work being sought. Typical employers of musicians are theaters, radio and television stations, concert halls, schools, colleges, recording studios - just about anywhere that music is played.


02B Trumpet Player

02C Baritone or Euphonium Player

02D French Horn Player

02E Trombone Player

02F Tuba Player

02G Flute or Piccolo Player

02H Oboe Player

02J Clarinet Player

02K Bassoon Player

02L Saxophone Player

02M Percussion Player

02N Piano Player

02S Special Bandmember

02T Guitar Player

02U Electric Bass Guitar Player


Electronic warfare (EW) work is highly specialized and unique to the military. However, many civilian employers regard an EW background as highly desirable. Typical employers of EW personnel are electronics manufacturers and telecommunications companies.


98C Signal Intelligence Analyst (Linguist)

98D Emitter Locator/Identifier

98G Electronic Warfare/Signal Intelligence Voice Interceptor

98H Morse Interceptor

98J Non-Communications Interceptor/Analyst

98K Communications Signal Collections and Processing

98X Electronic Warfare/Signal Intelligence Specialist (Linguist)

For more information on any of the jobs listed above,
call 1-800-USA-ARMY or contact your
local Army Recruiter.

[Information Courtesy of U.S. Army]

U.S. Military

You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Discuss in my forum

©2015 About.com. All rights reserved.