Abilene has two school districts, the larger of the two is the Abilene Independent School District with 18 elementary, six middle and two high schools, two Head Starts and two alternative campuses scattered across a majority of the city from the Mall of Abilene-area in the south to the city's northern- most areas.
Children living in on-base housing, as well as those living at Quail Hollow, attend Dyess Elementary, Clack Middle and Cooper High School. The school district provides bus service to Clack and Cooper.
The following guidelines apply to the evaluation of the transcripts of students transferring to the Abilene Independent School District (AISD) - No credit will be offered for office aide and Driver's Education. Units of credit granted by high schools accredited by Texas Education Agency, Texas Private School Accreditation Association, other state education agencies, or Department of Defense Schools. Units of credit earned from non accredited schools and home study programs will require validation according to guidelines established by the school. The procedure for validation is as follows - Credit for elective courses may be accepted subject to review. Required courses taken in sequence can validate credit in previous courses, i.e., English III completed successfully will validate English I and English II, Algebra II completed successfully will validate Algebra I. Required courses that have no sequential course must be validated by examination, i.e., Geometry, World History, United States History. Appropriate tests for validation of credit from non accredited schools will be required.
Wylie Independent School District is a smaller district, very flexible and will work with each student to achieve graduation requirements. Twenty-six units are required for graduation. They also have an honors program. WISD has two elementary schools (one K-2 and one 3 & 4), one middle school (grades 5 & 6), one junior high school (grades 7 & 8), and one high school.
A large number of private schools are located in Abilene in affiliation with numerous church denominations.