Destroyers - DD, DDG
Description: These fast warships help safeguard larger ships in a fleet or battle group.
Features: Destroyers and guided missile destroyers operate in support of carrier battle groups, surface action groups, amphibious groups and replenishment groups. Destroyers primarily perform anti-submarine warfare duty while guided missile destroyers are multi-mission (ASW, anti-air and anti-surface warfare) surface combatants. The addition of the Mk-41 Vertical Launch System or Tomahawk Armored Box Launchers (ABLs) to many Spruance-class destroyers has greatly expanded the role of the destroyer in strike warfare.
Background: Technological advances have improved the capability of modern destroyers culminating in the Arleigh Burke (DDG 51) class. Named for the Navy's most famous destroyer squadron combat commander and three-time Chief of Naval Operations, the Arleigh Burke was commissioned July 4, 1991 and was the most powerful surface combatant ever put to sea. Like the larger Ticonderoga class cruisers, DDG-51's combat systems center around the Aegis combat system and the SPY-lD, multi-function phased array radar. The combination of Aegis, the Vertical Launching System, an advanced anti-submarine warfare system, advanced anti-aircraft missiles and Tomahawk ASM/LAM, the Burke class continues the revolution at sea.
Designed for survivability, DDG-51 incorporates all-steel construction and many damage control features resulting from lessons learned during the Falkland Islands War and from the accidental attack on USS Stark. Like most modern U.S. surface combatants, DDG-51 utilizes gas turbine propulsion. These ships replaced the older Charles F. Adams and Farragut-class guided missile destroyers.
The Kidd-class suited missile destroyers are similar to the Spruance class, but have greater displacement and improved combat systems. These ships were built originally for use by Iran (when the Shah was in power) and the contract was canceled by the succeeding Iranian government. The U.S. Navy acquired them in 1981 and 1982. Like the older guided missile cruisers, these ships have been upgraded to improve their anti-air warfare performance against the technologically advanced threat expected into the 2lst Century.
The Spruance class destroyers, the first large U.S. Navy warships to employ gas turbine engines as their main propulsion system, are undergoing extensive modernizing. The upgrade program includes addition of vertical launchers for advanced missiles on 24 ships of this class, in addition to an advanced ASW system and upgrading of its helicopter capability. Like the Kidd class, Spruance class destroyers are expected to remain a major part of the Navy's surface combatant force into the 21st century.
Point of Contact:
Public Affairs Office
Naval Sea Systems Command (OOD)
Washington, DC 20362
General Characteristics, Arleigh Burke class
Builders: Bath Iron Works, Ingalls Shipbuilding
Power Plant: Four General Electric LM 2500-30 gas turbines; two shafts, 100,000 total shaft horsepower.
Length: 466 feet (142 meters)
Beam: 59 feet (18 meters)
Displacement: 8,300 tons (8,433.2 metric tons) full load
Speed: in excess of 30 knots
Aircraft: None. LAMPS III electronics installed on landing deck for coordinated DDG 51/helo ASW operations
USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51), Norfolk, Va.
USS Barry (DDG 52), Norfolk, Va.
USS John Paul Jones (DDG 53), San Diego, Calif.
USS Curtis Wilbur (DDG 54), Yokosuka, Japan
USS Stout (DDG 55), Norfolk, Va.
USS John S. McCain (DDG 56), Yokosuka, Japan
USS Mitscher (DDG 57), Norfolk, Va.
USS Laboon (DDG 58), Norfolk, Va.
USS Russell (DDG 59), Pearl Harbor, HI
USS Paul Hamilton (DDG 60), Pearl Harbor, HI
USS Ramage (DDG 61), Norfolk, Va.
USS Fitzgerald (DDG 62), San Diego, Calif.
USS Stethem (DDG 63), San Diego, Calif.
USS Carney (DDG 64), Mayport, Fla.
USS Benfold (DDG 65), San Diego, Calif.
USS Gonzalez (DDG 66), Norfolk, Va.
USS Cole (DDG 67), Norfolk, Va.
USS The Sullivans (DDG 68), Mayport, Fla.
USS Milius (DDG 69), San Diego, Calif.
USS Hopper (DDG 70), Pearl Harbor, HI
USS Ross (DDG 71), Norfolk, Va.
USS Mahan (DDG 72), Norfolk, Va.
USS Decatur (DDG 73), San Diego, Calif.
USS McFaul (DDG 74), Norfolk, Va.
USS Donald Cook (DDG 75) , Norfolk, Va.
USS Higgins (DDG 76), San Diego, Calif.
USS O'Kane (DDG 77), Pearl Harbor Hawaii
USS Porter (DDG 78), Norfolk, Va.
Oscar Austin (DDG 79), under construction
Roosevelt (DDG 80), under construction
Winston S. Churchill (DDG 81), under construction
Lassen (DDG 82), under construction
Howard (DDG 83), under construction
Bulkeley (DDG 84), under construction
McCampbell (DDG 85), under construction
Shoup (DDG 86), under construction
Mason (DDG 87), under construction
Preble (DDG 88), under construction
Mustin (DDG 89)
Chafee (DDG 90)
Crew: 23 officers, 300 enlisted
Armament: Standard missile; Harpoon; Tomahawk ASM/LAM; six Mk-46 torpedoes(from two triple tube mounts); one 5"/54 caliber Mk-45 (lightweight gun); two 20mm Phalanx CIWS
Date Deployed: July 4, 1991 (USS Arleigh Burke)
General Characteristics, Kidd and Spruance classes
Builder: Ingalls Shipbuilding
Power plant: Four General Electric LM 2500 gas turbines, two shafts, 80,000 shaft horsepower
Length: 563 feet (171.6 meters)
Beam: 55 feet (16.8 meters)
Displacement: Kidd Class - 9,900 tons (10,058.88 metric tons) full load; Spruance Class - 9,100 tons (9,246.04 metric tons) full load
Speed: in excess of 30 knots
Kidd Class - One SH-2F Seasprite LAMPS helicopter
Spruance Class - Two Seahawk LAMPS III helicopters
Ships (Kidd class):
USS Chandler (DDG 996), Everett, Wash.
Ships (Spruance class):
USS Paul F. Foster (DD 964), Everett, Wash.
USS Kinkaid (DD 965), San Diego, Calif.
USS Hewitt (DD 966), Yokosuka, Japan
USS Elliot (DD 967), San Diego, Calif.
USS David R. Ray (DD 971), Everett, Wash.
USS Oldendorf (DD 972), San Diego, Calif.
USS John Young (DD 973), San Diego, Calif.
USS O'Brien (DD 975), Yokosuka, Japan
USS Cushing (DD 985), Pearl Harbor, HI
USS Fife (DD 991), Everett, Wa.
USS Fletcher (DD 992), Pearl Harbor, Hi.
USS Chandler (DD 996), Everett, Wa.
Kidd class: 31 officers, 332 enlisted
Spruance class: 30 officers, 352 enlisted
Armament: 8 Harpoon (from 2 quad launchers), Tomahawk ASM/LAM, VLS or ABL in Spruance; ASROC; six Mk-46 torpedoes (from 2 triple tube mounts); two 5"/54 caliber Mk-45 (lightweight gun); two 20mm Phalanx CIWS
Kidd class only:Standard missiles
Spruance class only: NATO Sea Sparrow point defense AAW missiles
June 27, 1981 (USS Kidd)
Sept. 20, 1975 (USS Spruance)
Above Information Courtesy of United States Navy