|Navy & Marine Corps Awards and Decorations|
|Armed Forces Service Medal|
Authorization. E.O. 12985 of 11 January 1996.
Specific. Service members must be members of a unit participating for the delineated time period in the operation within the designated area of eligibility, or meet one or more of the following criteria:
(1) The AFSM may be authorized for significant United States military activities for which no other United States campaign or service medal is appropriate, such as:
(2) The AFSM may be awarded for United States military operations in direct support of the United Nations (UN) or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and for operations of assistance to friendly foreign nations.
(1) The AFSM provides recognition to participants who deploy to the designated area of eligibility for the qualifying operation. Outstanding or meritorious performance of nondeployed or remotely located support units and individuals is not justification for award of the AFSM. Such performance may be recognized by appropriate unit and/or individual decorations.
(2) Because the AFSM may be awarded for a prolonged humanitarian operation, distinction between the AFSM and Humanitarian Service Medal (HSM) must be maintained.
(1) Significant activity is defined as a United States military operation considered to be of such a high degree of scope, impact, and international significance as to warrant the permanent commemoration and recognition afforded by award of a campaign or service medal.
(2) Area of eligibility is defined as follows:
(3) Direct support is defined as services being supplied to participating forces in the area of eligibility by ground unit, ships, and aircraft provided it involves actually entering the designated area of eligibility. This includes units, ships, and aircraft providing logistic, patrol, guard, reconnaissance, or other military support within the designated area of eligibility.
Limitations on Awarding Medals
(1) AFSM shall be awarded only for operations for which no other United States campaign or service medal is approved.
(2) For operations in which personnel of only one Military Department participate, the AFSM shall be awarded only if there is no other suitable award available to that Department.
(3) The military service of the Service member on which qualification for the award of the AFSM is based shall have been honorable.
(4) Award of the AFSM is not authorized for participation in national or international exercises.
(5) The AFSM shall not be awarded for NATO or UN operations not involving significant, concurrent United States military support operations.
Approval and Designation of Area of Eligibility. The JCS shall designated United States military operations subsequent to 1 June 1992 that qualify for the AFSM.
Subsequent Awards. No more than one medal shall be awarded to any one Service member. Second and subsequent awards will be denoted by 3/16-inch bronze service stars. A 3/16-inch silver star will be worn lieu of 5 bronze stars.
Posthumous Awards. The AFSM may be awarded posthumously and, when so awarded, may be presented to such representative of the deceased as may be deemed appropriate by the Secretary concerned.
Operations. The following operations have been designated by the JCS as qualifying for the AFSM: