Authorization. E.O. 10977 of 4 December 1961.
(1) Personnel Eligibility.
Awarded to personnel of the Armed Forces of the United States who after
1 July 1958:
(a) Participate, or
have participated, as members of U.S. military units in a U.S. military
operation in which,
in the opinion of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, personnel of any military
department participate in significant numbers.
(b) Encounter, during
such participation, foreign armed opposition, or are otherwise
placed, or have
been placed, in such position that, in the opinion of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff, hostile action by foreign armed forces was imminent
though such hostile action did not materialize.
Categories of Operations. The Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal may
be authorized for three categories
(a) U.S. military operations.
(b) U.S. operations
in direct support of the United Nations.
(c) U.S. operations
of assistance to friendly
(a) The Area of Operations is
1. The foreign territory
upon which U.S. Armed Forces have actually landed or are
present and specifically deployed
for the direct support of the designated military operation.
2. Adjacent water
areas in which U.S. ships are operating, patrolling or providing
3. The airspace above
and adjacent to the area in which operations are being conducted. Ships
and units which
are present in
an area merely for
training purposes are not eligible for the award.
(b) Direct Support is
defined as the supply by ground units, ships and aircraft, of services
and/or supplies and equipment to combat forces
area of operations,
provided such support involves actually entering
the designated area and furnishing fire, patrol, guard, reconnaissance
or other military
(4) Degree of
Participation. Personnel must be bonafide members
of a unit engaged in the operation (see note below) or meet one or
more of the following
(a) Serve not
less than 30 consecutive days in the area of
in direct support of the operation for 30 consecutive days
or 60 non-consecutive
provided such support involves entering the
area of operations.
(c) Serve for the full
period when an operation is
less than 30 days.
combat or duty which is equally as hazardous
as combat duty, during an operation against armed opposition,
regardless of time in the area.
as a regularly assigned crew member
of an aircraft flying into, out of, within or
over the area in support of the military
(f) Be recommended
or attached to a unit recommended for the award
by CNO or the commander
unified or specified
command for award of the medal, although
above may not have been fulfilled.
(g) Personnel are
entitled to the award if they
serving on board a ship/unit for
1 day or more during the period(s) for which that ship/unit is listed
This includes personnel
a squadron or unit embarked in
during the period(s) for which that ship is listed
as eligible. Members of rear echelons,
transients, observers and personnel assigned for short periods
of TAD and training
duty are normally not
eligible for the
award; however, consideration will
be given in those instances where the cognizant commander certifies
and significant contribution
Such certification should be submitted
to CNO/CMC via the fleet commander who exercised operational
control in the
operations have been designated
by the Joint Chiefs of Staff as qualifying for award
of the Armed Forces Expeditionary
(a) U.S. Military Operations
1. Berlin.......14 Aug 61 to 01 Jun 63.
Including the City of West Berlin.
2. Cuba.........24 Oct 62 to 01 Jun 63.
NOTE. Although terminal date of Cuban operations was established by
the Joint Chiefs of Staff as 01 Jun 63, no Navy/Marine Corps units are
considered to be eligible after 31 Dec 62. Water area between 12N and
28N latitudes and 66W and
3. Dominican Republic...28 Ap r65 to 21 Sep 66. The area is composed
of the contiguous water and airspace within the following boundaries:
the point 17N, 75W; eastward to 17N, 67-45W; thence northward to 20-25N,
73-35W; thence southwestward to 18-40N, 75W; thence south to the initial
at 17N, 75W.
4. Lebanon..............01 Jul 58 to 01 Nov 58. The area is geographically
composed of the adjacent water area defined as that portion of the Mediterranean
Sea east of 31E longitude.
5. Quemoy and Matsu Islands...23 Aug 58 to 01 Jun 63.
The area is composed of the water area 21N to 26N and 116E to 121E.
6. Taiwan Straits.......23 Aug 58 to 01 Jan 59. The area is composed
of the water area from 19N to 28N between 117E and 123E.
7. Congo.......23 Nov 64
- 27 Nov 64. The area is composed of the land and water area of
8. Korea.......0l Oct 66 to 30 Jun 74. This includes the entire
land mass of the Republic of Korea and the waters and air space
following boundaries: From a point located at 32N on the Coast
of China, east to 32N by 129-20E; thence northeastward to 36N by
to the Coast of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
thence along the coastline of the USSR, Korea and China to the
9. Cambodia Evacuation (Operation EAGLE PULL).....11-13 Apr 75.
10. Vietnam Evacuation (Operation FREQUENT WIND)...29-30 Apr
Mayaguez Operation.........15 May 75.
12. Grenada Operation..........23 Oct 83
- 21 Nov 83.
NOTE. The island nation of Grenada, including Grenada,
Carriacou, Green, Hog, Calivigny, other outlying islands
and the territorial
Grenada; waters adjacent to Grenada in which Atlantic
Fleet ships operated in
direct support of operations in Grenada; the airspace
above Grenada and the adjacent sea areas where the operations
conducted; and the Grantley
Adams International Airport, Barbados.
13. Libya (Operation
CANYON)...12-17 Ap r86. The area of operations where
U.S. forces were employed is bounded by the following
21E to 34N
25E to 23N, 25E to 23N, 11E to 37N, 11E.
(Operation JUST CAUSE) 20 Dec 89 - 31 Jan 90. The
total land area of Panama,
including internal waters, territorial seas, and
UPHOLD DEMOCRACY) 16 Sep 94 - 31 Mar 95. The
area of operations consists of the total land area, sea
air space defined
by the following
16-30N, 71-40W; 18-00N, 71-45W; along the Haitian-Dominican
Republic Border to 20-00N, 71-44W; 21-00N, 71-40W;
74-00W; 20-00N, 74-00W; 19-45N, 75-00W; 19-00N,
16-30N, 76-00W; to
(b) U.S. Operations in Direct Support of the United Nations.
Jul 60 to 1 Sep 62. Water area from 3S to 9S between 9E and the mainland
2. Somalia (Operation RESTORE HOPE and UNITED SHIELD) 05 Dec 92
to 31 Mar 95. The area operation is from 20N northward to 30-30E
and from 46-36E eastward to 63E.
(c) U.S. Operations Assisting Friendly Foreign Nations.
1. Laos.........19 Apr 61 to 07 Oct 62.
2. Vietnam.......0l Jul 58 to
03 Jul 65. Water areas from a point on the east coast of Vietnam at the
of Vietnam with China southeastward to 21N, 108-15E; thence southward
to 18N, 108-15E; thence southeastward to 17-30N, 111E; thence southward
to 11N, lllE; thence southwestward to 7N, 105E; thence westward to 7N,
103E; thence northward to 9-30N, 103E; thence northeastward to l0-15N,
104-27E; thence northward to a point on the west coast of Vietnam at
the juncture of Vietnam with Cambodia. In addition, the area has been
extended to include the land mass encompassing Thailand.
(land only) 29 Mar 73 to 15 Aug 73.
4. Thailand.......29 Mar 73 to 15 Aug 73.
(Only those in direct support of Cambodia operations).
5. Lebanon........01 Jun 83
to 01 Dec 87.
NOTE. The terminal
date of Lebanon operations was established by Joint Chiefs of Staff
as 01 Dec 87; no Navy ships/units are considered
to be eligible after 01 Aug 84. Marine Security Guard personnel or
other personnel serving in country Lebanon may be awarded medal for
the entire period.
6. Persian Gulf....24 Jul 87 to 01 Aug 90 (Operation ERNEST WILL).
7. Persian Gulf/Iraq...(Operation SOUTHERN WATCH) 01 Dec 95 to TBD.
The area consists of the land area and airspace of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait,
and Iraq and the waters of and airspace above the Arabian Gulf west
of 056E longitude. Individuals serving aboard vessels in the Red Sea
direct support of Operation SOUTHERN WATCH are also eligible for
the AFEM. Service members who earned the SWASM and subsequently become
eligible for the AFEM in another tour are permitted to wear both medals.
an individual that earned the SWASM in 1991 and subsequently returns
to the area after 01 Dec 95 may wear both awards. Both awards may
not be earned by an individual who serves a single tour that spans the
date of 01 Dec 95. In the case of those individuals whose service
spans the transition date and meets the eligibility criteria for both
they may elect one or the other but not both awards.
8. El Salvador...01 Jan 81
to 01 Feb 92. The total land area of El Salvador. This award was
approved by Section 525 of the FY96 Defense Appropriations Act.
Watch; including Maritime Intercept, Vigilant Sentinel, Desert
Desert Fox, Desert Spring, and Northern Watch; 01 Dec 95 to TBD.
Only one award for participation in one or all operations.
Joint Guard...20 Dec 96 to 20 Jun 98.
11. Operation Joint Endeavor......20 Nov 95
to 16 Dec 96.
12. Operation Joint Forge..21 Jun 98 to TBD (may
the AFSM vice AFEM).
(6) Eligible Ships and Units. Ships and units which are present in an
area merely for training purposes are not eligible for the award. Squadrons
or units embarked in a ship during the period for which that ship is
listed as eligible are automatically eligible for the medal.
of Medal. The medal shall be awarded only for operations for which
no other U.S. campaign medal is approved, and shall not be issued for
in Vietnam after 03 Jul 65. For operations in which personnel
of only one military department participate, the medal shall be awarded
only if there is no other suitable award available to that department.
(8) Election of Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal/Vietnam Service Medal.
Personnel who have earned the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal for
in Vietnam during the period 01 Jul 58 to 03 Jul 65, inclusive, may
elect to receive the Vietnam Service Medal in lieu of the Armed Forces
Expeditionary Medal. No individual may be issued both medals for service
during the period 01 Jul 58 to 28 Mar 73.
(9) Election of Armed Forces
Expeditionary Medal/Navy or Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal. Members
of the naval
may elect one expeditionary medal for the following operations:
- Lebanon...25 Aug 82
- Libya...20 Jan 86 -27 Jun 96
- Persian Gulf...24 Jul 87 -01 Aug 90
Approval of Operations. The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) shall designate
operations which qualify for the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal. Recommendations
for Military Operations to be designated shall be submitted through joint
channels to the JCS.
A 3/16-inch bronze star is worn on the suspension
ribbon of the medal and on the ribbon bar for participation in each
subsequent operation; i.e., Lebanon, Taiwan, Cuba, etc. Participation
in two or
more engagements within the same operation does not qualify for the