U.S. Navy Submarines Lost
U.S. Navy Submarines Losses, Selected Accidents, and Selected Incidents of Damage Resulting from Enemy Action
Submarine Lost Through Enemy Action
Date of Loss Casualties Shark (SS-174) 11 Feb 42 58 killed Sunk by Japanese destroyer Yamakaze; Makassar Strait, 120 miles east of Menado, Celebes. Perch (SS-176) 3 Mar 42 59 POWs, 6 later died Scuttled after severe damage from Japanese destroyers Ushio and Sazanami. Grunion (SS-216) 31 Jul 42 70 killed Sunk by gunfire from torpedoed Japanese transport Kashima Maru; 10 miles north Segula, near Kiska Island, Aleutians. Argonaut (APS-1) 10 Jan 43 105 killed Sunk by aircraft (582d Kokutai) and Japanese destroyers Isokaze and Maikaze southeast of New Britain in Solomon Sea. Amberjack (SS-219) 14 Feb 43 74 killed Probably sunk by combined efforts of a Japanese seaplane (958th Kokutai), torpedo boat Hiyodori, and submarine chaser Ch 18 off Cape St. George, New Britain. Grampus (SS-207) Feb or Mar 43 71 killed Sunk either by Japanese naval aircraft (958th Kokutai) southeast of New Britain on 19 February or by destroyer Minegumo in Blackett Strait on the night of 5-6 March. Triton (SS-201) 15 Mar 43 74 killed Sunk either by Japanese destroyer Satsuki or submarine chaser Ch 24 north of Admiralty Islands. Pickerel (SS-177) 3 Apr 43 74 killed Sunk by Japanese minelayer Shirakami and auxiliary subchaser Bunzan Maru off northern Honshu, Japan. Grenadier (SS-210) 22 Apr 43 76 POWs, 4 later died Scuttled after Japanese seaplane attacks (936 Kokutai) damaged the boat the previous day, off Penang, Malaysia. Runner (SS-275) Jun 43 78 killed Unknown, possibly a Japanese mine or combined air and surface attack off northeastern Honshu, Japan. Pompano (SS-181) Aug or Sep 43 76 killed Unknown, possibly a Japanese mine or combined air and surface attack off northeastern Honshu, Japan. Grayling (SS-209) 9 Sep 43 76 killed Probably rammed and sunk by Japanese transport Hokuan Maru, South China Sea west of Luzon. Cisco (SS-290) 28 Sep 43 76 killed Sunk by Japanese observation seaplane (945th Kokutai) and gunboat Karatsu [ex-U.S. river gunboat Luzon (PR-7)] in Sulu Sea off Panay Island. S 44 (SS-155) 7 Oct 43 55 killed Lost to Japanese escort destroyer Ishigaki, northeast Araito Island off Kamchatka. Dorado (SS-248) Oct 43 76 killed Unknown, either accidently bombed and sunk by friendly Guantanamo-based flying boat on 13 October or sunk by a German submarine mine in the West Indies. Wahoo (SS-238) 11 Oct 43 80 killed Sunk by Japanese naval aircraft, submarine chasers Ch 15 and Ch 43, and minesweeper W.18 in La Perouse Strait off Japan. Corvina (SS-226) 16 Nov 43 82 killed Torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I 176 south of Truk. Capelin (SS-289) Nov 43 78 killed Sunk by unknown causes, either Japanese aircraft (934 Kokutai) and minelayer Wanatake, a Japanese mine in the northern Celebes, or perhaps a hull defect reported prior to her departure from Darwin. Sculpin (SS-191) 19 Nov 43 12 killed, 51 POWs Damaged by Japanese destroyer Yamagumo and later scuttled north of Truk. Scorpion (SS-278) Jan 44 76 killed Unknown, probably a Japanese mine in Yellow or East China Sea. Grayback (SS-208) 27 Feb 44 80 killed Probably succumbed to damage inflicted by land-based Japanese naval aircraft suffered the day before in the East China Sea. Trout (SS-202) 29 Feb 44 81 killed Most likely sunk by Japanese destroyer Asashimo in Philippine Sea. Gudgeon (SS-211) 18 April 44 78 killed Probably sunk by Japanese naval aircraft (901st Kokutai) southwest of Iwo Jima. Herring (SS-233) 1 Jun 44 84 killed Sunk by Japanese Army shore battery (Guards Division 52) off Matsuwa Island, Kuriles. Golet (SS-361) 14 Jun 44 82 killed Probably sunk by Japanese guardboat Miya Maru, auxiliary submarine chaser Bunzan Maru, and naval aircraft off northern Honshu, Japan. Robalo (SS-273) 26 Jul 44 74 killed, 4 POWs Sunk by a mine off western Palawan, Philippines. Flier (SS-250) 13 Aug 44 78 killed Sunk by a Japanese mine south of Palawan in Balabac Strait. Harder (SS-257) 24 Aug 44 79 killed Sunk by Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No. 22 off west coast of Luzon, Philippines. Escolar (SS-294) 17 Oct 44 82 killed Possibly sunk by a Japanese mine in the Yellow Sea. Shark (SS-314) 24 Oct 44 87 killed Sunk by Japanese depth charges from Harukaze, South China Sea west of Luzon. Albacore (SS-218) 7 Nov 44 86 killed Possible Japanese mine off northern tip of Honshu, Japan. Growler (SS-215) 8 Nov 44 85 killed Probably sunk by Japanese destroyer Shigure, escort vessel Chiburi, and Coast Defense Vessel No. 19 off Mindoro. Scamp (SS-277) 11 Nov 44 83 killed Sunk by Japanese naval aircraft and Coast Defense Vessel No.4 in Tokyo Bay area. Swordfish (SS-193) Jan 45 89 killed Possibly sunk by Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No. 4 on 5 January or sunk by a mine off Okinawa on 9 January. Barbel (SS-316) 4 Feb 45 81 killed Sunk by Japanese naval aircraft in South China Sea in Palawan Passage. Kete (SS-369) 20 Mar 45 87 killed Probably sunk by a mine or a Japanese submarine (perhaps RO 41) east of Okinawa. Trigger (SS-237) 28 Mar 45 89 killed Sunk by Japanese patrol vessel Mikura, Coast Defense Vessel No.33, and Coast Defense Vessel No. 59 in the Nansei Soto. Snook (SS-279) 9 Apr 45 84 killed Probably sunk by a combination of Japanese naval aircraft (256th, 453rd, and 951st Kokutais); escort vessel Okinawa, Coast Defense Vessel No. 8 , Coast Defense Vessel No. 32 , and Coast Defense Vessel No. 52; and/or submarine I-56 in the Nansei Soto. Lagarto (SS-371) 3 May 45 85 killed Sunk by Japanese minelayer Hatsutaka in Gulf of Siam. Bonefish (SS-223) 18 Jun 45 85 killed Sunk by combined efforts of escort destroyer Okinawa, Coast Defense Vessel No. 63, Coast Defense Vessel No. 75, Coast Defense Vessel No. 158, and Coast Defense Vessel No. 207 off southern coast of Honshu, Japan. Bullhead (SS-332) 6 Aug 45 84 killed Probably sunk by Japanese Army aircraft (73rd Chitai) off Bali in the Java Sea.
Submarines Lost Through Accidents and Perils of the Sea Date of Loss Casualties F 4 (SS-23) 25 Mar 15 21 died Sunk after a battery explosion off Honolulu, Hawaii. F 1 (SS-20) 16 Dec 17 19 died Sunk after collision with USS F 3 (SS-22) off San Diego, California. G 2 (SS-27) 30 Jul 19 3 died Foundered and sunk in Long Island Sound. H 1 (SS-28) 12 Mar 20 4 died Foundered and sunk off Santa Margarita Island, California. O 5 (SS-66) 20 Oct 23 3 died Rammed and sunk by United Fruit steamer Abangarez in Limon Bay, Canal Zone. S 51 (SS-162) 25 Sep 25 33 died Sunk after collision with steamer City of Rome off Block Island, Rhode Island. Squalus (SS-192) 23 May 39 26 died Foundered off Portsmouth, New Hampshire. O-9 (SS-70) 20 Jun 41 33 died Foundered during deep submergence tests off New London, Connecticut. S-26 (SS-131) 24 Jan 42 46 died Sunk after collision with USS PC-460 in Gulf of Panama. R-12 (SS-89) 12 Jun 43 42 died Foundered after battery flooded while off Key West, Florida. Tullibee (SS-284) 26 Mar 44 79 died Accidently sunk by circular run of own torpedo off Palau Islands. S-28 (SS-133) 4 Jun 44 50 died Lost during ASW exercises off the Hawaiian Islands. Seawolf (SS-197) 3 Oct 44 99 died Accidently sunk by naval aircraft from USS Midway (CVE-63) and USS Rowell (DE-403) off Morotai Island. Darter (SS-227) 24 Oct 44 0 died Ran aground on Bombay Shoal, Palawan Passage; later scuttled by USS Nautilus (SS-168) and USS Dace (SS-247). Tang (SS-306) 24 Oct 44 78 died, 9 POWs Accidently sunk by circular run of own torpedo in Formosa Strait. Cochino (SS-345) 26 Aug 49 1 died Foundered after a battery explosion during a severe storm off northern Norway. Thresher (SSN-593) 10 Apr 63 129 died Sank after a possible piping failure during deep submergence tests off New England coast. Scorpion (SSN-589) 27 May 68 99 died Loss not ascertainable; most probable inadvertent activation of battery of torpedo resulting in a possible "hot run" torpedo detonation off Azores.
Selected Submarine Accidents/Damage From Enemy Action Grampus (later A3) 10 Dec 10 1 died Main engine fuel explosion. E2 (SS-25) 15 Jan 16 4 died Battery explosion while in New York Navy Yard. G2 (SS-27) 30 Jul 19 3 died Sank at moorings off New London, Connecticut. H1 (SS-28) 12 Mar 20 4 died Aground and later sunk off Santa Margarita Island, California. S37 (SS-142) 10 Oct 23 3 died Battery explosion in harbor at San Pedro, California. S49 (SS-160) 20 Apr 26 4 died Battery explosion at Submarine Base, New London, Connecticut. S4 (SS-109) 17 Dec 27 39 died Rammed off Provincetown, Massachusetts, by Coast Guard cutter Paulding. Later salvaged. S34 (SS-139) 11 Jan 34 1 died Accidental signal cartridge explosion. Seadragon (SS-194) 10 Dec 41 1 killed Slightly damaged by a bomb during Japanese air attack (Takao and 1st Kokutais) on Cavite Navy Yard, Philippine Islands. Sealion (SS-195) 10 Dec 41 4 killed Severely damaged by two bombs during Japanese air attack (Takao and 1st Kokutais) on Cavite Navy Yard, Philippine Islands; later scuttled on 25 December. Bass (SS-164) 17 Aug 42 25 died Fire in after battery room asphyxiates part of the crew. Tusk (SS-426) 26 Aug 49 6 died Crew members washed overboard while rescuing crew of fire damaged USS Cochino (SS-345) in the Norwegian Sea. Sargo (SSN-583) 14 Jun 60 1 died Oxygen feedline fire and explosion in after torpedo room; blaze extinguished by submerging in Pearl Harbor with compartment sealed and stern torpedo hatch open. Guitarro (SSN-665) 15 May 69 0 died Sank at the pier at San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California. Bonefish (SS-582) 24 Apr 88 3 died Battery fire and explosion while operating off Florida. Barbel (SS-580) 1 May 89 2 drowned Heavy waves wash three sailors from the deck of submarine while operating off Kyushu, Japan. One sailor rescued.
Sources: Cressman, Robert J. The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2000. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1959-89. Various files of the Ships' History Branch, Naval Historical Center, Washington, DC.
Information Courtesy of United States Navy