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U.S. Navy Submarines Lost

U.S. Navy Submarines Losses, Selected Accidents, and Selected Incidents of Damage Resulting from Enemy Action


Submarine Lost Through Enemy Action

                       Date of Loss      Casualties
Shark  (SS-174)         11 Feb 42         58 killed
  Sunk by Japanese destroyer Yamakaze; Makassar Strait, 120
  miles east of Menado, Celebes.

Perch  (SS-176)          3 Mar 42         59 POWs, 6 later died
  Scuttled after severe damage from Japanese destroyers Ushio
  and Sazanami.

Grunion (SS-216)        31 Jul 42         70 killed
  Sunk by gunfire from torpedoed Japanese transport Kashima Maru;
  10 miles north Segula, near Kiska Island, Aleutians.

Argonaut (APS-1)        10 Jan 43        105 killed
  Sunk by aircraft (582d Kokutai) and Japanese destroyers Isokaze
  and Maikaze southeast of New Britain in Solomon Sea.

Amberjack (SS-219)      14 Feb 43         74 killed
  Probably sunk by combined efforts of a Japanese seaplane 
  (958th Kokutai), torpedo boat Hiyodori, and submarine chaser Ch 18
  off Cape St. George, New Britain.

Grampus (SS-207)        Feb or Mar 43     71 killed
  Sunk either by Japanese naval aircraft (958th Kokutai) southeast
  of New Britain on 19 February or by destroyer Minegumo in Blackett
  Strait on the night of 5-6 March.

Triton (SS-201)         15 Mar 43         74 killed
  Sunk either by Japanese destroyer Satsuki or submarine chaser Ch 24
  north of Admiralty Islands.

Pickerel (SS-177)       3 Apr 43          74 killed
  Sunk by Japanese minelayer Shirakami and auxiliary subchaser
  Bunzan Maru off northern Honshu, Japan.

Grenadier (SS-210)      22 Apr 43         76 POWs, 4 later died
  Scuttled after Japanese seaplane attacks (936 Kokutai) damaged
  the boat the previous day, off Penang, Malaysia.

Runner (SS-275)         Jun 43            78 killed
  Unknown, possibly a Japanese mine or combined air and surface
  attack off northeastern Honshu, Japan.

Pompano (SS-181)        Aug or Sep 43     76 killed
  Unknown, possibly a Japanese mine or combined air and surface 
  attack off northeastern Honshu, Japan.

Grayling (SS-209)       9 Sep 43          76 killed
  Probably rammed and sunk by Japanese transport Hokuan Maru, 
  South China Sea west of Luzon.

Cisco (SS-290)          28 Sep 43         76 killed
  Sunk by Japanese observation seaplane (945th Kokutai) and gunboat
  Karatsu [ex-U.S. river gunboat Luzon (PR-7)] in Sulu Sea off Panay
  Island.

S 44 (SS-155)            7 Oct 43         55 killed
  Lost to Japanese escort destroyer Ishigaki, northeast Araito Island
  off Kamchatka.

Dorado (SS-248)          Oct 43           76 killed
  Unknown, either accidently bombed and sunk by friendly 
  Guantanamo-based flying boat on 13 October or sunk by a
  German submarine mine in the West Indies.

Wahoo (SS-238)           11 Oct 43        80 killed
  Sunk by Japanese naval aircraft, submarine chasers Ch 15 and Ch 43,
  and minesweeper W.18 in La Perouse Strait off Japan.

Corvina (SS-226)         16 Nov 43        82 killed
  Torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I 176 south of Truk.

Capelin (SS-289)         Nov 43           78 killed
  Sunk by unknown causes, either Japanese aircraft (934 Kokutai)
  and minelayer Wanatake, a Japanese mine in the northern Celebes,
  or perhaps a hull defect reported prior to her departure from
  Darwin.

Sculpin (SS-191)         19 Nov 43         12 killed, 51 POWs
  Damaged by Japanese destroyer Yamagumo and later scuttled north
  of Truk.

Scorpion (SS-278)        Jan 44            76 killed
  Unknown, probably a Japanese mine in Yellow or East China Sea.

Grayback (SS-208)        27 Feb 44         80 killed
  Probably succumbed to damage inflicted by land-based Japanese 
  naval aircraft suffered the day before in the East China Sea.

Trout (SS-202)           29 Feb 44         81 killed
  Most likely sunk by Japanese destroyer Asashimo in Philippine Sea.

Gudgeon (SS-211)         18 April 44       78 killed
  Probably sunk by Japanese naval aircraft (901st Kokutai) 
  southwest of Iwo Jima.

Herring (SS-233)          1 Jun 44         84 killed
  Sunk by Japanese Army shore battery (Guards Division 52) 
  off Matsuwa Island, Kuriles.

Golet (SS-361)           14 Jun 44         82 killed
  Probably sunk by Japanese guardboat Miya Maru, auxiliary 
  submarine chaser Bunzan Maru, and naval aircraft off northern
  Honshu, Japan.

Robalo (SS-273)          26 Jul 44         74 killed, 4 POWs
  Sunk by a mine off western Palawan, Philippines.

Flier (SS-250)           13 Aug 44         78 killed
 Sunk by a Japanese mine south of Palawan in Balabac Strait.

Harder (SS-257)          24 Aug 44         79 killed
  Sunk by Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No. 22 off west coast of
  Luzon, Philippines.

Escolar (SS-294)         17 Oct 44         82 killed
  Possibly sunk by a Japanese mine in the Yellow Sea.

Shark (SS-314)           24 Oct 44         87 killed
  Sunk by Japanese depth charges from Harukaze, South China Sea
  west of Luzon.

Albacore (SS-218)        7 Nov 44          86 killed
  Possible Japanese mine off northern tip of Honshu, Japan.

Growler (SS-215)         8 Nov 44          85 killed
  Probably sunk by Japanese destroyer Shigure, escort vessel
  Chiburi, and Coast Defense Vessel No. 19 off Mindoro.

Scamp (SS-277)           11 Nov 44         83 killed
  Sunk by Japanese naval aircraft and Coast Defense Vessel No.4 
  in Tokyo Bay area.

Swordfish (SS-193)       Jan 45            89 killed
  Possibly sunk by Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No. 4 on 5
  January or sunk by a mine off Okinawa on 9 January.

Barbel (SS-316)          4 Feb 45          81 killed
  Sunk by Japanese naval aircraft in South China Sea in Palawan
  Passage.

Kete (SS-369)            20 Mar 45         87 killed
  Probably sunk by a mine or a Japanese submarine (perhaps RO 41)
  east of Okinawa.

Trigger (SS-237)         28 Mar 45         89 killed
  Sunk by Japanese patrol vessel Mikura, Coast Defense Vessel No.33,
  and Coast Defense Vessel No. 59 in the Nansei Soto.

Snook (SS-279)           9 Apr 45          84 killed
   Probably sunk by a combination of Japanese naval aircraft (256th,
   453rd, and 951st Kokutais); escort vessel Okinawa, Coast Defense
   Vessel No. 8 , Coast Defense Vessel No. 32 , and Coast Defense 
   Vessel No. 52; and/or submarine I-56 in the Nansei Soto.

Lagarto (SS-371)         3 May 45          85 killed
  Sunk by Japanese minelayer Hatsutaka in Gulf of Siam.

Bonefish (SS-223)        18 Jun 45         85 killed
  Sunk by combined efforts of escort destroyer Okinawa, Coast
  Defense Vessel No. 63, Coast Defense Vessel No. 75, Coast
  Defense Vessel No. 158, and Coast Defense Vessel No. 207 
  off southern coast of Honshu, Japan.

Bullhead (SS-332)        6 Aug 45          84 killed
  Probably sunk by Japanese Army aircraft (73rd Chitai) off
  Bali in the Java Sea.

Submarines Lost Through Accidents and Perils of the Sea
                        Date of Loss      Casualties
F 4 (SS-23)             25 Mar 15         21 died
  Sunk after a battery explosion off Honolulu, Hawaii.

F 1 (SS-20)             16 Dec 17         19 died
  Sunk after collision with USS F 3 (SS-22) off San Diego,
  California.

G 2 (SS-27)             30 Jul 19          3 died
  Foundered and sunk in Long Island Sound.

H 1 (SS-28)             12 Mar 20          4 died
  Foundered and sunk off Santa Margarita Island, California.

O 5 (SS-66)             20 Oct 23          3 died
  Rammed and sunk by United Fruit steamer Abangarez in Limon 
  Bay, Canal Zone.

S 51 (SS-162)           25 Sep 25         33 died
  Sunk after collision with steamer City of Rome off Block Island,
  Rhode Island.

Squalus (SS-192)        23 May 39         26 died
  Foundered off Portsmouth, New Hampshire.

O-9 (SS-70)             20 Jun 41         33 died
  Foundered during deep submergence tests off New London, 
  Connecticut.

S-26 (SS-131)           24 Jan 42         46 died
  Sunk after collision with USS PC-460 in Gulf of Panama.

R-12 (SS-89)            12 Jun 43         42 died
  Foundered after battery flooded while off Key West, Florida.

Tullibee (SS-284)       26 Mar 44         79 died
  Accidently sunk by circular run of own torpedo off Palau Islands.

S-28 (SS-133)            4 Jun 44         50 died
  Lost during ASW exercises off the Hawaiian Islands.

Seawolf (SS-197)         3 Oct 44         99 died
  Accidently sunk by naval aircraft from USS Midway (CVE-63) and 
  USS Rowell (DE-403) off Morotai Island.

Darter (SS-227)          24 Oct 44         0 died
  Ran aground on Bombay Shoal, Palawan Passage; later scuttled 
  by USS Nautilus (SS-168) and USS Dace (SS-247).

Tang (SS-306)            24 Oct 44         78 died, 9 POWs
  Accidently sunk by circular run of own torpedo in Formosa Strait.

Cochino (SS-345)         26 Aug 49         1 died
  Foundered after a battery explosion during a severe storm off
  northern Norway.

Thresher (SSN-593)       10 Apr 63         129 died
  Sank after a possible piping failure during deep submergence 
  tests off New England coast.

Scorpion (SSN-589)       27 May 68         99 died
  Loss not ascertainable; most probable inadvertent activation
  of battery of torpedo resulting in a possible "hot run" torpedo
  detonation off Azores.

 
Selected Submarine Accidents/Damage From Enemy Action

Grampus (later A3)       10 Dec 10        1 died
  Main engine fuel explosion.

E2 (SS-25)               15 Jan 16        4 died
  Battery explosion while in New York Navy Yard.

G2 (SS-27)               30 Jul 19        3 died
  Sank at moorings off New London, Connecticut.

H1 (SS-28)               12 Mar 20        4 died
  Aground and later sunk off Santa Margarita Island, California.

S37 (SS-142)             10 Oct 23        3 died
  Battery explosion in harbor at San Pedro, California.

S49 (SS-160)             20 Apr 26        4 died
  Battery explosion at Submarine Base, New London, Connecticut.

S4 (SS-109)              17 Dec 27        39 died
  Rammed off Provincetown, Massachusetts, by Coast Guard 
  cutter Paulding.  Later salvaged.

S34 (SS-139)             11 Jan 34        1 died
  Accidental signal cartridge explosion.

Seadragon (SS-194)     10 Dec 41          1 killed
  Slightly damaged by a bomb during Japanese air attack 
  (Takao and 1st Kokutais) on Cavite Navy Yard, Philippine 
  Islands.

Sealion (SS-195)       10 Dec 41          4 killed
  Severely damaged by two bombs during Japanese air attack
 (Takao and 1st Kokutais) on Cavite Navy Yard, Philippine 
 Islands; later scuttled on 25 December.

Bass (SS-164)          17 Aug 42          25 died
  Fire in after battery room asphyxiates part of the crew.

Tusk (SS-426)          26 Aug 49           6 died
  Crew members washed overboard while rescuing crew of fire
  damaged USS Cochino (SS-345) in the Norwegian Sea.

Sargo (SSN-583)        14 Jun 60           1 died
   Oxygen feedline fire and explosion in after torpedo room;
   blaze extinguished by submerging in Pearl Harbor with
   compartment sealed and stern torpedo hatch open. 

Guitarro (SSN-665)     15 May 69           0 died
  Sank at the pier at San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard, 
  Vallejo, California. 

Bonefish (SS-582)      24 Apr 88           3 died
  Battery fire and explosion while operating off Florida.

Barbel (SS-580)         1 May 89           2 drowned
  Heavy waves wash three sailors from the deck of submarine
  while operating off Kyushu, Japan. One sailor rescued.

Sources: 
Cressman, Robert J. The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in
  World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2000.

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Washington DC: 
  US Government Printing Office, 1959-89.

Various files of the Ships' History Branch, Naval Historical Center,
  Washington, DC.

Information Courtesy of United States Navy

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