Uniformed Services Former Spouses'
Protection Act Bulletin
The Uniformed Services Former Spouses' Protection Act (the Act),
10 U.S.C. 1408, recognizes the right of state courts to distribute military retired pay to a spouse or former spouse
(hereafter, the former spouse) and provides a method of enforcing these orders through the Department of Defense.
The Act itself does not provide for an automatic entitlement to a portion of the member's retired pay to a former
spouse. A former spouse must have been awarded a portion of a member's military retired pay as property in their
final decree of divorce, dissolution, annulment, or legal separation (the court order). The Act also provides a
method of enforcing current child support and/or arrears and current alimony awarded in the court order.
Court orders enforceable under the Act include final decrees
of divorce, dissolution, annulment, and legal separation, and court-ordered property settlements incident to such
decrees. The pertinent court order must provide for the payment of child support, alimony, or retired pay as property,
to a spouse/former spouse. Retired pay as property awards must provide for the payment of an amount expressed in
dollars or as a percentage of disposable retired pay (gross retired pay less allowable deductions). An award of
a percentage of a member's retired pay is automatically construed under the Act as a percentage of disposable retired
pay. A Qualified Domestic Relations Order is not required to divide retired pay as long as the former spouse's
award is set forth in the pertinent court order.
In all cases where the member is on active duty at the time
of the divorce, the member's rights under the Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1940 (SSCRA) must have
been observed during the state court proceeding. In addition, for orders dividing retired pay as property to be
enforced under the Act, a member and former spouse must have been married to each other for at least 10 years during
which the member performed at least 10 years of creditable military service (the 10/10 rule). Also, to enforce
orders dividing retired pay as property, the state court must have had jurisdiction over the member by reason of,
(1) the member's residence in the territorial jurisdiction of the court (other than because of his military assignment),
(2) the member's domicile in the territorial jurisdiction of the court, or (3) the member's consent to the jurisdiction
of the court,. as indicated by the member's taking some affirmative action in the legal proceeding. The 10/10 rule
and the jurisdictional requirement do not apply to enforcement of child support or alimony awards under the Act.
The maximum that can be paid to a former spouse under the
Act is fifty percent (50%) of a member's disposable retired pay. In cases where there are payments both under the
Act and pursuant to a garnishment for child support or alimony under 42 U.S.C. 659, the total amount payable cannot
exceed sixty-five percent (65%) of the member's disposable retired pay. The right to payments under the Act terminates
upon the death of the member or former spouse, unless the applicable court order provides that the payments terminate
In order to apply for payments under the Act, a completed
application form (DD Form 2293) signed by a former spouse together with a certified copy of the applicable court
order certified by the clerk of court within 90 days immediately preceding its service on this Center should be
served either personally or by facsimile or by mail, upon the:
Defense Finance and Accounting Service
Cleveland Center, Code L
PO Box 998002
Cleveland, Ohio 44199-8002
(216) 522-5301 (Customer Service)
The application form should state which awards the former
spouse is seeking to enforce under the Act (i.e., alimony, child support, and/or division of retired pay as property).
If the application does not contain this information, then only awards of retired pay, as property will be enforced
under the Act. A former spouse should also indicate the priority of the awards to be enforced in case there is
not sufficient disposable retired pay to cover multiple awards.
The court order should contain sufficient information for
us to determine whether the SSCRA, and the Act's jurisdictional and 10/10 requirements (if applicable), have been
met. If we cannot determine the parties' marriage date from the court order, then the former spouse must submit
a photocopy of their marriage certificate. If the former spouse is requesting child support, and the court order
does not contain the birth dates of the children, the former spouse must provide photocopies of their birth certificates.
If the requirements of the Act have been met, payments to
a former spouse must begin no later than 90 days after the date of effective service of a complete application.
If the member has not yet retired at the time the former spouse submits his or her application, payments must begin
no later than 90 days after the date on which the member first becomes entitled to receive retired pay.
Court orders awarding a portion of military retired pay as
property that were issued prior to June 26, 1981, can be honored if the requirements of the Act are met. However,
amendments issued after June 25, 1981, to court orders issued prior to June 26, 1981, which were silent as to providing
for a division of retired pay as property, cannot be enforced under the Act. Also, for court orders issued prior
to November 14, 1986, if any portion of a member's military retired pay is based on disability retired pay, the
orders are unenforceable under the Act.
Section 1408(h) of the Act provides benefits to former spouses
who are victims of abuse by members who, as a result of the abuse of a spouse or dependent child, lose the right
to retired pay after becoming retirement eligible. A former spouse may only enforce an order dividing retired pay
as property under this Section, and all of the other requirements of the Act must be satisfied. The right to payments
under this Section terminates upon the remarriage of the former spouse, or upon the death of either party.
Garnishment Operations Facsimile (FAX) Information:
Fax Phone Number: Commercial (216) 522-6960 or DSN 580-6960.
In improving the processes in the Garnishment Operations
we are now using a fax gateway directly into our Electronic Document Management System. To ensure your document
is processed in a timely and efficient manner you must include the following information on the fax document and
follow the additional guidance provided:
- Member/Employee Social Security Number (SSN) - Court Orders/Documents
will not be processed if the SSN is not on the document
- Return Phone Number
- Return Fax Number
- Ensure original documents are clear and legible
- In each fax transmission, include only correspondence for
one member or employee (if you have multiple documents for one member, they can be sent on one fax transmission)
Survivor Benefit Plan (SBP) Coverage:
A member may elect "former spouse" SBP coverage for a former spouse who was originally a "spouse"
beneficiary under SBP, provided that the parties were divorced after the member became eligible to receive retired
pay. In addition, a former spouse may initiate SBP coverage on her own behalf ("deemed election"), provided
that this election is made within 1 year of the issuance of the court order requiring SBP coverage. All correspondence
regarding SBP coverage should be sent directly to the Retired Pay office:
Defense Finance and Accounting Service
Cleveland Center, DFAS-CL [Attn: Code FRB (for retired members) or Attn: Code FRABA (for active duty members and
PO Box 99191
Cleveland, Ohio 44199-1126
Toll free 1-800-321-1080
Information Courtesy of Defense Finance and Accounting Service