Fiscal Year 2003 Rates
Military budgets operate off of the "fiscal year," which runs
from 1 October to 30 September. For example, Fiscal Year 2003 is from
1 October 2002 to 30 September 2003.
However, that does not
mean that military pay changes occur at that time.
Due to the wording that
Congress uses in the annual Military Appropriations Act, and the Military
Authorization Act, most military pay increases do not begin until the
beginning of the calendar year (i.e., January 1st).
The Military Appropriations
Act, and the Military Authorization Act must be passed by Congress and
signed into law by the President each year, before it can be implemented
by the Department of Defense.
The Military Appropriations
Act reserves (allocates) money for the Department of Defense. The Military
Authorization Act tells DOD how to spend the money. Both acts must be
passed and signed into law before DOD can implement them.
Because the military
operates on a Fiscal Year, this *should* be accomplished by October 1st.
However, Congress has a lousy track-record on getting this done on time.
Usually, they are late, and pass a "continuing resolution" which
allows the military to operate at the last year's funding level until
the act is passed. Last year (FY 2002), the President didn't sign the
Military Authorization Act into law until December 27, (just a few days
before most of the raises were scheduled to take effect).
This year, Congress
passed the Defense Appropriations Act, and it was signed into law by the
President on 23 October 2002. Congress has also passed the Defense Authorization
Act, and the President signed it into law on December 2, 2002. See Your
2003 Military Pay and Benefits for detailed information
about FY 2003 pay and benefit changes.
2003 Base Pay
All Military members receive a "base pay," based
upon their rank and years of military service. The FY 2003 pay raise
includes a minimum raise of 4.1 percent for all military personnel,
with a higher-percentage (targeted) raise (up to 9.5 percent) for some
(mostly mid-level officers and mid-level to senior level-NCOs). The
new base pay is effective on 1 January 2003.
When a servicemember is authorized to reside off-base at government
expense, DOD pays a housing allowance, called "Basic Allowance
for Housing" (BAH). In 2003, BAH has increased by an overall average
of 8 percent over 2002
rates. BAH is dependent on rank, location of assignment,
and whether or not the servicemember has any dependents. The new BAH
rates are effective on 1 January 2003.
for Substinance (BAS) is a monthly monetary food allowance for military
members when it is impractical to consume "free" government
meals in the dining facility (chow hall). By law, officers and enlisted
in the rank of E-7 and above are automatically entitled to BAS. Other
enlisted members are usually entitled to BAS if living off-base (at
government expense), or in on-base family housing, or if their military
duties preclude them from eating in the dining facilities.
These charts show average annual military salary for commissioned officers,
warrant officers, and enlisted members, to include base pay, average
housing allowance, monetary food allowance, and the tax advantage of
These charts show the monthly retirement pay for active duty enlisted
members, warrant officers, and commissioned officers who retire during
1993. Military personnel can retire after 20 years of active duty service.
and Reserve Drill Pay
Most members of the National Guard and Reserves are "part-time."
They only receive "part-time" pay, called Drill Pay.
(Uniform) Allowances are monetary allowances for the replacement and
maintenance of military uniforms. These new rates are effective on October
2003 TDY Per Diem Rates
Military personnel performing temporary duty, away from their home station
receive reimbursement for lodging and meals in accordance with the per
diem rate charts. These rates are effective on October 1, 2002.
Mileage Travel Rates
members who travel on official duty (either temporary duty travel, or
permament change of station), can request a mileage reimbursement for
their travel by "personally owned conveyance" (POC), in lieu
of a government purchased airline ticket.
Permament Change of Station (PCS) Entitlements
There are several monetary benefits that a military member receives
when they make a PCS move.
& Reenlistment Bonuses
who agree to enlist in certain, designated jobs may be eligible for
a monetary enlistment bonus. Enlisted members who reenlist in some jobs
may be entitled to a monetary bonus. These rates are currently in effect,
but are often changed, without notice, based upon the current needs
of the particular military service.
personnel (mostly Navy) who perform operational submarine duty. These
rates are effective on 1 October 2002.
Military personnel assigned to duty at sea are authorized a special
monthly pay. Here are the charts for Career Sea Pay for fiscal year
Guard and Reserve members on active duty for less than 140 days receive
a different type of housing allowance than active duty members.
A member assigned to or deployed to a combat zone receives "combat
pay" at the rate of $150.00 per month. Being assigned to or working
in a combat zone triggers also triggers a tax advantage.
Family Separation Allowance (FSA) is payable only to members with dependents.
Basically, family separation allowance is payable when a military member
is forced to be away from his/her dependents for longer than 30 days,
due to military orders.
You may be entitled to a dislocation allowance (DLA) when relocating
your household due to a PCS. However, keep in mind that DLA is intended
to partially reimburse relocation expenses not otherwise reimbursed
and probably will not reimburse all of your relocation expenses.
Duty Incentive Pay (Jump pay, flight deck duty pay, EOD pay, ect.)