Evaluation Report Appeals
In the total Army, more than 100,000 evaluation reports are written on officers and warrant officers each year.
Historically, the vast majority of those who render evaluation reports discharge this important responsibility
with due care and consideration in accurately recording the performance and potential of their subordinates. In
preparing this large number of evaluation reports on an annual basis, there are normally some rating officials
who have not written evaluation reports as accurately and objectively as intended in the governing regulations.
The purpose of this document is to provide information intended to assist the soldier in preparation of an evaluation
report appeal in conjunction with Chapter 6, AR 623-105. It should serve as a ready reference and procedures involved
in gathering evidence to support an appeal.
What should I appeal?
If you receive an evaluation report which you firmly believe is an inaccurate or unjust evaluation of your performance and potential, or one that contains administrative errors, that report may be a candidate for an appeal. Likewise, a report that was not rendered in accordance with the Army Regulation in effect at the time of preparation may be considered for appeal.
If you are simply dissatisfied with receiving a good report (for example with nothing but favorable comments) because you believe it should be better, you should be aware that it is difficult to successfully challenge the judgment of your rating officials with clear and convincing evidence that you deserve better. Even if successful, the remedy applied would probably be to remove the portions proven inaccurate or unjust, rather than raising the scores or block placements.
In deciding what to appeal, you must consider early on whether you can gather useful evidence in support of an appeal. Your self-authored statement alone does not suffice as evidence of an inaccurate, unjust or administratively flawed evaluation report. Remember, the report as accepted by DA is presumed to be correct until you prove that it is not.
When should I appeal?
The first step in the Army Redress System is the commanders inquiry. The primary purpose of the commanders inquiry is to provide a greater degree of command involvement in preventing obvious injustices to the rated officer and correcting errors before they become a matter of permanent record. A secondary purpose is to obtain command involvement in clarifying errors or injustices after the OER is accepted at HQDA. However, in these after-the-fact cases, it is not intended to be a substitute for the appeals process, which is the primary means of addressing errors and injustices after they have become a matter of permanent record. The inquiry must be completed not later than 120 days after the "Thru" date of the OER. Additional information concerning the commanders inquiry is contained in Section II, Chapter 6, AR 623-105, a copy of which is located at the end of this brochure.
The second step is submission of an OER appeal. You should begin preparation of an appeal as soon as possible after receiving an evaluation report with which you have good reason to strongly disagree. Some appellants find reluctance on the part of would-be supporters still serving under the same rating chain to provide statements; this should be taken into consideration. Waiting too long, however, adds to the difficulty of locating those who might offer support, or in gathering records that might serve as evidence.
AR 623-105, effective 1 October 1997, requires substantive appeals to be submitted within five years of the OERs completion date on all reports prepared prior to 1 October 1997. All appeals on reports prepared on the DA Form 67-9 must be submitted within three years of the completion date.This restriction will only be waived under exceptional circumstances. Administrative appeals will continue to be considered regardless of the period of the report. However, the likelihood of sucessfully appealing a report diminishes, as a rule, with the passage of time. Prompt submission is, therefore, recommended. If you are requesting a waiver, you will need to add a paragraph to your cover memorandum requesting a waiver and a brief explanation on why you waited beyond the time limit to submit an appeal. The Officer Special Review Board will approve or disapprove your request for waiver.
What are my chances of successfully appealing an evaluation report?
Your success in appealing a report will depend largely on your effort to present clear and convincing evidence that the evaluation is inaccurate or unjust. The best evidence is obtained from third parties who were in a position to observe your performance from the same perspective as your rating officials.
Statistics are not published on the approval/disapproval rate of evaluation report appeals. Statistics do not reflect a true picture of the effectiveness of the program. Some appeals are received at HQDA that only meet the minimum requirements of the regulation for acceptance and processing while many others are well documented and reflect the efforts of the individual who is appealing a report. To portray a picture of the appeal approval rate by using statistics that are comprised of the cases containing minimal evidence and the cases containing quality evidence would only present a distorted picture on the effectiveness of the appeal program.
Because each evaluation report is unique, each appeal is unique. It is important to remember that the evaluation redress system is designed to correct error or injustice, not weakness. Evaluations that reflect duty performance not on a level with previous or subsequent reports are not presumed to be in error. The bottom line is that the success of your appeal depends mainly on you!
Preparing to appeal
Having decided what and when to appeal, you should begin laying the groundwork by a thorough review of the appropriate Army regulation in effect at the time the challenged report was prepared. Using your copy of the challenged report, you should note any instances where provisions of the governing regulation were not followed. You may want to seek assistance from your local personnel service battalion (PSB) or staff judge advocate in accomplishing this task. While minor inconsistencies or irregularities in the preparation of an evaluation report are not usually the sole basis for removal, they do add to the overall consideration of the merits of an appeal. Some serious irregularities, such as improper rating officials, may, in and of themselves, warrant full or partial relief.
What type of evidence do I need?
Evidence submitted includes statements from third parties and/or rating officials, and often includes documents from other sources (investigations, inspections, etc.). There are no constraints on type and amount; however, Chapter 6, AR 623-105, provides fairly extensive guidance as to what will or wont be especially helpful. Generally speaking, that guidance addresses evidence in terms of its relevance to the contested report and an appellants contentions. Vantage points and firsthand knowledge are important factors in selecting third parties to support an appeal. In addition to your evidence, you should also provide a self-authored statement as an enclosure to your appeal. In this statement provide as much information concerning what you accomplished during the rating period, any problems you encountered and your relationship with the rating officials. This will be your only opportunity to present your side of the story since the board will not contact you or allow you to appear in person.
Request the specific changes you believe are justified by the evidence you provide. Your request may be a combination of changes or total removal of the report. Remember that you must document your request with sufficient evidence to warrant corrective action. The burden of proof is upon the rated officer.
Appropriate appeal correspondence formats can be found in the regulation; it is recommended that the cover letter be typed, military memorandum on letterhead or white bond paper. In whatever form your appeal is presented, all enclosures should be tabbed and listed for easy reference, they should be cited in the written appeal as evidence to support each contention you are making. An example of an appeal memorandum is located in Chapter 6, AR 623-105, a copy of which is located at the rear of this brochure.
Upon receipt of supporting statements and documentary evidence, and before finalizing the appeal, you may wish to have the entire package reviewed by a disinterested third party in whom you have trust and confidence. This third party review will help remove emotionalism and poor logic from your appeal. The appeal should not be submitted until you are satisfied that you have presented a logical, well-constructed case, as fully documented as possible.
Submit the finalized original appeal, plus one complete copy (does not have to be certified) directly to the address listed in the regulation for your component. Verify that all necessary information (i.e., signature, date, mailing address, telephone number, and priority) has been included before forwarding the appeal. All supporting statements must be originals and all documents provided must be original or certified true copies. Certification of documents may be done by your local staff judge advocate or PSB. The copy of the evaluation report does not have to be a certified copy since the official copy is on file in your Career Management Information File. If you are aware of the current phone numbers of the rating officials on the contested report, please include them in your appeal correspondence.
Processing and Disposition of Appeals
The Appeals and Corrections Branch of the respective Active, Reserve or National Guard component will review the case upon receipt and either notify you by letter that the appeal has been accepted or that the case is being returned for lack of usable evidence. Administrative appeals will be resolved by the appropriate Appeals and Corrections Branch for your component. Substantive appeals will be further forwarded for final review and decision by the DCSPER Officer Special Review Board (OSRB). Upon final determination of the case, the appropriate agency will notify you of the outcome.
The time necessary to process an appeal varies with the type and complexity of the appeal, the volume of appeals being processed at the time your appeal is accepted, and the extent of deliberation required to make an appropriate decision. Some Priority 3 cases will take six months or longer to adjudicate while the Priority 2 and l cases will take less time. Processing priorities are explained in the Army regulation. The fact that you are scheduled to be considered by a DA promotion board will not cause your appeal to be expedited or change your priority.
To ensure full and just consideration of an evaluation report appeal, the primary members of the rating chain are normally contacted by the OSRB for their comments, if necessary. Sometimes this acts to the advantage of an appellant, sometimes not. Because the rating chain was entrusted with the responsibility for rating a subordinate, the information they provide cannot be disregarded. On the other hand, it does not automatically outweigh credible evidence provided by an appellant that refutes the evaluation. HQDA must carefully evaluate and weigh all evidence provided, or available, to arrive at a fair, impartial and just determination. After approving an appeal where the individual was previously nonselected by a DA selection board for promotion, the Special Review Board will also take into consideration whether promotion reconsideration is warranted. The appellant will be informed of this decision when notified of the SRB decision. The outcome of the relook board will be provided to the appellant by the Promotions Branch.
In all cases, whether the appeal is approved or denied, totally or in part, documentation is placed on the Official Military Personnel File (OMPF). The performance portion of the OMPF is amended to include either (1) a memorandum for record which documents the amendment or explains nonrated time or (2) the HQDA letter which notifies the appellant that his appeal has been denied. When the appeal is denied, either totally or in part, a complete copy of the appeal correspondence is placed in the restricted data.
If the appeal is denied, an appellant may seek new, additional evidence and submit a new appeal or may request relief from the next agency in the Armys redress system, the Army Board for Correction of Military Records (ABCMR). Operation of the ABCMR is governed by AR 15-185. If your case was decided by the OSRB, a case summary of the boards consideration is available under the Privacy Act (PA).
A request IAW AR 340-21 for a copy of the case summary under the FOIA/PA should be sent to:
Washington, D.C. 20310-0300
Summary Checklist for the Appellant
Appellants Letter: Typed, military memorandum on letterhead or white bond paper. Identify in the first paragraph name, rank, branch, SSN, period of report and priority of the appeal. Include a DSN or commercial phone number and correct mailing address. Home address may be used. Use this memorandum to transmit the appeal. Concisely explain the nature of your disagreement and what corrective action is requested. If a detailed explanation of the circumstances of a report is required, add a statement as an enclosure to the appeal. It is important to remember that the OSRB will not contact you, but will more than likely contact the rating officials for their side of the story. Therefore, it is important that you provide the OSRB with as much information as possible in your own statement to assist the OSRB in their adjudication. List and identify all enclosures. Sign and date the memorandum.
Evidence: Appeals based on technical (administrative) error must be proven by original or certified true copies of appropriate documents, e.g., orders, leave and earning statements, appropriate medical documents verifying height/weight, APFT results (DA Form 705), DA Form 2-1. Claims of inaccurate or unjust evaluations must be supported by originals of statements from knowledgeable observers during the report period. These statements should be signed, dated on letterhead or white bond paper and should be specific in content. Additional statements from rating officials are acceptable, but will not be the sole basis of the appeal. Documents such as ARTEP, AGI, command inspection results, etc., may be useful in supporting a substantive appeal.
Copies: Original and one duplicate copy. Original packet must include originals of all statements and certified true copies of all other documents, with the exception of the OER copy.
Dispatch: Before mailing, review to be sure all enclosures are included, all signatures and dates are on all documents and address and phone numbers are included. Use the correct HQDA office symbol listed in the regulation and enclose the paperwork in a secure mailing envelope or heavy wrapping, as required. Please refrain from using fancy binders or covers. These only make the appeal harder to handle and take up unnecessary storage space.
Follow-up: You will be notified in writing by the Appeals and Correcions Branch that your appeal was received. Notify HQDA promptly if address or priority changes. Appellants will be notified promptly, in writing, of the decision once it is finalized. Upon final decision, if not totally approved, appellants have further recourse. Appellants may request a copy of the OSRB case summary, then submit a second appeal strengthened by additional evidence. Information on requesting a copy of the case summary is contained in the first part of this brochure. As an alternative to reconsideration by the OSRB, appellants may apply to the Army Board for Correction of Military Records (ABCMR) under the provisions of AR 15-185.
For additional information concerning appeals, please contact one of the following agencies responsible for your particular component.
ACTIVE DUTY OFFICERS:
U.S. Total Army Personnel Command
200 Stovall Street
Alexandria, VA 22332-0442
COML: (703) 325-8642/3
9700 Page Avenue
St. Louis, MO 63132-5200
COML: l (314) 592-0000, Ext. 3424
Chief, Army National Guard
111 S. George Mason Drive
Arlington, VA 22204-1382
COML: (703) 607-9108
Information Courtesy of U.S. Army