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Operations Research/Systems Analysis (49)
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Functional area description. The Operations Research/Systems Analysis (ORSA) functional area encompasses the application of analytic methods to the solution of varied and complex strategic, operational, and managerial defense issues. ORSA techniques are applied to the entire spectrum of military activities, and frequently are used to help identify optimal uses of many different scarce resources. ORSA techniques are important decision support tools, and analysis grounded in objective ORSA techniques provides decision makers with a quantitative basis for the evaluation of decision options. ORSA officers frequently bridge the gap among military, science, and management activities and acquire competence in a wide variety of Army functions. Specifically, ORSA officers:

(1) Formulate problems and design research and study methods.

(2) Conduct and supervise qualitative and quantitative analyses of complex military and related problems.

(3) Apply objective, analytical, and orderly thinking to the analy­sis of complex operational and management problems, and supportthis analysis when appropriate with the use of ORSA tools and techniques such as statistical inference, nerk analysis, models, math­ematical programming, and simulations.

(4) Summarize and synthesize complex analyses into simplified terms and present results to decision makers.

(5) Plan, evaluate, coordinate, and integrate ORSA actions with other staff elements and functions.

Functional area qualification. DA Pam 600-3 lists qualifica­tions for entry and professional development in this functional area.

Operations Research, General (49A).

Description of duties. AOC 49A is used to code instructor positions and positions which can not be described more accurately by another AOC. Examples include positions on the staff of the Deputy Under Secretary of the Army (Operations Research) and instructor positions at USMA and ALMC.

Special qualifications. The officer must either possess a graduate degree in ORSA or complete ORSA MAC I. Officers completing ORSA MAC I are encouraged to obtain a graduate degree in a closely related discipline identified in DA Pam 600-3. Officers serving at the LTC and COL grade levels serve in positions requiring previous ORSA experience.

Special grading of positions. CPT to COL.

Position coding. Positions which require the following are appropriate for AOC 49A coding:

(a) Decision analysis skills, including the application of appropriate ORSA techniques such as multivariate analysis, mathematical modeling, and nerk analysis.

(b) Problem solving skills, including research design and method­ology development.

(c) Integration of operations research/systems analysis skills with other staff functions.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Military Assistant, Deputy Under Secretary of the Army (DUSA) (OR).

(b) Instructor at USMA, Army Logistics Management Center (ALMC), NPS, AFIT or CGSC.

Operations Research, Personnel (49B).

Description of duties. AOC 49B is used to code positions in which the primary focus is personnel issues. Officers assigned to these positions analyze military recruiting, retention, strength, mobilization, personnel, training and structure issues for both active and reserve components. Examples include assignments with U.S. Army Recruiting Command (USAREC), U.S. Total Army Personnel Command (PERSCOM) and the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (ODCSPER).

Special qualifications. The officer must either possess a graduate degree in ORSA or complete ORSA MAC I. Officers completing ORSA MAC I are encouraged to obtain a graduate degree in a closely related discipline identified in DA Pam 600-3. Officers serving at the LTC and COL grade levels serve in positions requiring previous ORSA experience.

Special grading of positions. CPT to COL.

Position coding. Positions which require the following are appropriate for AOC 49B coding:

(a) Decision analysis skills, including the application of appropriate ORSA techniques such as multivariate analysis, mathematical modeling, and nerk analysis.

(b) Problem solving skills, including research designand methodology development.

(c) Expertise in personnel issues.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Manpower Analyst.

(b) Analyst in ODCSPER, PERSCOM, USAREC.

Operations Research, Combat Operations/Materiel Systems (49C).

Description of duties. AOC 49C is used to code positions where the primary focus is analysis of practical and theoretical issues regarding combat operations, doctrine, tactics, system effectiveness, force design, force structure and the deployment of weapon systems. Analyses frequently include evaluations of training, force effectiveness, and materiel systems and range from the assessment of the impact of a single system to the integration of multiple systems in joint operations. Officers assigned to these positions often use advanced computer simulations and models to address complex operational problems in command, control, andcommunications (C3), artificial intelligence (AI), and both combat and training development. Examples include assignments with TRADOC Analy­sis Command (TRAC), Concepts Analysis Agency (CAA), and various TRADOC schools and centers.

Special qualifications. The officer must either possess a graduate degree in ORSA or complete ORSAMAC I. Officers completing ORSA MAC I are encouraged to obtain a graduate degree in a closely related discipline identified in DA Pam 600–3. Officers serving at the LTC and COL grade levels serve in positions requiring previous ORSA experience.

Special grading of positions. CPT to COL.

Position coding. Positions which require the following are appropriate for AOC 49C coding:

(a) Decision analysis skills, including the application of appropri­ate ORSA techniques such as multivariate analysis, mathematical modeling, and network analysis.

(b) Problem solving skills, including research design and methodology development.

(c) Expertise in combat operations analysis, including use of combat models and simulations.

Unique duty positions. Analyst in TRAC, CAS, Army Materiel Systems Analysis Agency (AMSAA).

Operations Research, Planning, Programming, and Resource Management (49D).

Description of duties. AOC 49D is used to code positions in which the primary focus is determining optimal resource management and allocation strategies through analyses of force structure, manpower requirements, authorizations, personnel developments, materiel acquisition, and logistics programs. Officers assigned to these positions conduct conceptual studies and analyses of major Army and Department of Defense programs dealing with alternative military strategies, force designs, strategic force issues, logistics management, weapon systems and their associated resource management implications. Examples include assignments with the Cost and Economic Analysis Center (CEAC) and various Department of the Army staffs.

Special qualifications. None

Special grading of positions. CPT to COL.

Position coding. Positions which require the following are appropriate for AOC 49D coding:

(a) Decision analysis skills, including the application of appropriate ORSA techniques such as multivariate analysis, mathematical modeling, and nerk analysis.

(b) Problem solving skills, including research design and method­ology development.

(c) Expertise in resource management and allocation.

Unique duty positions. Analyst in ODCSOPS, ASA (RDA).

Operations Research, Test, and Evaluation (49E).

Description of duties. AOC 49E is used to code positions in which the primary focus is testing and evaluating complex weapons systems and future combat developments concepts within materiel acquisition and force development processes. Officers assigned to these positions design tests and experiments, determine measures of effectiveness, apply risk analysis, analyze and interpret empirical data, and obtain objective data for acquisition decisions, studies, training evaluations, system comparisons, analytic models, and war games. Examples include assignments with Operational Test and Evaluations Command (OPTEC) and Army Materiel Command (AMC).

Special qualifications. The officer must either posses a graduate degree in ORSA or complete ORSA MAC I. Officers completing ORSAMAC I are encouraged to obtain a graduate degree in a closely related discipline identified in DA PAM 600-3. Officers serving at the LTC and COL grade levels serve in positions requiring previous ORSA experience.

Special grading of positions. CPT to COL.

Position coding. Positions which require the following are appropriate for AOC 49E coding:

(a) Decision analysis skills, including the application of appropriate ORSA techniques such as multivariate analysis, mathematical modeling, and nerk analysis.

(b) Problem solving skills, including research design and method­ology development.

(c) Test and evaluation skills.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Test Design Officer.

(b) Analyst in Test and Evaluation Command (TECOM), AM­SAA, OPTEC.

Trained ORSA (49W).

AOC 49W will be assigned upon com­pletion of ORSA MAC I or receipt of a graduate degree in a discipline listed in table 41-3 of DA Pam 600-3. This AOC will be retained until an assignment-based AOC is awarded. AOC 49W will not be used to code positions.

Untrained ORSA (49X).

AOC 49X will be assigned upon designation as a FA 49 officer. This AOC will be retained until ORSA MAC I has been completed or a graduate degree in a discipline listed in table 41-3 of DA Pam 600-3 has been received. AOC 49X will not be used to code positions.

See Army Pamplet 600-3-49 for more information.

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Above information derived from Army Pamplet Manual 611-21

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