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Judge Advocate General’s Corps (55)
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Branch description. Manages delivery of total legal services to the Department of the Army and its members. Responsible for managing and assigning branch officers. Supervise training of personnel in legal functions. Develop and execute plans and programs in the fields of: criminal law and related military justice; administrative law; military personnel law; international, comparative and foreign law; claims; business, commercial and financial law; control, tax and property law; contract appeals, Litigation; environmental law; regulatory law; intellectual property law; intelligence activities law; legal relating to military installations; labor and civilian person­nel law; law assistance and preventive law; legislative relief; profesional legal training; medical jurisprudence.

Branch qualification. DA Pam 600-3 lists qualifications for entry and professional development in this branch.

Judge Advocate, General (55A).

Description of duties. Furnishes legal advice and services to the Active Army and the U.S. Army Reserves in civil and criminal legal practice, including the fields of Business, Property, Administration, and Financial Operations under the jurisdiction of DA. Provides defense counsel services for Army personnel whenever required by law or regulation and authorized by The Judge Advo­cate General (TJAG) or TJAG’s designee. These services include representation at trials by courts-martial, administrative boards, and other criminal and adverse administrative actions. Performs other defense-related duties as prescribed by Chief, U.S. Army Trial De­fense Service.

Special qualifications. Be a member of The Judge Advocate General’s Corps. Must be a graduate of a law school acceptable to the Department of the Army and be a member of the bar of a Federal court or of the highest court in any State.

Special grading of positions.

(a) Judge Advocate positions that provide advice to General Court-Martial Convening Authorities will be in the grade of LTC or higher.

(b) Judge Advocate positions that provide advice to Special Court-Martial Convening Authorities will be in the grade of MAJ or higher.

(c) The positions for Senior Regional Defense Counsel-Europe and Regional Defense Counsel will be in the grade of LTC or higher.

(d) Judge Advocate position in PSYOP EPW/CI Bn, will be in the grade of CPT.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Staff Judge Advocate

(b) Command Judge Advocate

(c) Legal advisor.

(d) Claims Judge Advocate

(e) Trial Counsel

(f) Labor Counsel

(g) Legal Assistance Officer

(h) Chief, Criminal Law; Claims; Legal Assistance; Administra­tive/Contract Law; International/Operations Law; Operations, Plans, and Training.

(i) Defense Counsel

(j) Senior Defense Counsel

(k) Regional Defense Counsel

(l) Chief Defense Counsel

Military Judge (55B).

Description of duties. Presides as judge in trials of cases before general and special court-martial and other military tribunals or sits as an appellate judge of the U.S. Army Court of Military Review for the review of such cases, and is responsible for fair and orderly conduct of the proceedings according to the law.

Special qualifications. Be a member of The Judge Advocate General’s Corps and have successfully completed the Military Judge Course at The Judge Advocate General’s School or its equivalent; have extensive experience in the trial of criminal cases and adminis­tration of military justice.

Special grading of positions.

(a) Positions requiring an appellate judge will be in the grade of COL or higher.

(b) Positions requiring a general court-martial trial judge will be in the grade of LTC or higher.

(c) Position requiring a special court-martial trial judge will be in the grade of MAJ or higher.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Chief Military Judge.

(b) Chief Circuit Judge.

(c) Senior Military Judge.

(d) Military Judge.

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Above information derived from Army Pamplet Manual 611-21

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