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Army Training -- MOS 18B -- Special Operations Weapons Sergeant


Initial Training Overview:

For new recruits, training begins with One Station Unit Training (OSUT) for Infantry, which combines basic training and job training into one single course of instruction. OSUT for 11B, Infantryman is 13 weeks, 3 days at Fort Benning, Georgia. OSUT is then followed by about 44 to 56 weeks of formal classroom training and practice exercises, at various locations.

Additional Training Information:

Specific formal training opportunities for this MOS, including advanced training courses available at specific points of the soldier's career, can be found on the Army Training Requirements and Resources System (ATRRS) Web Site.


During Basic Training and Advanced Individual Training (AIT), the Army limits a soldier's personal freedom, using a "Phase System," which grants increased freedom, based upon phase of training. For details, see Army Training Phase Restrictions.

Training Details:

Job training (for new recruits) requires 13 weeks, three days of OSUT for Infantry. Following OSUT, recruits attend Jump School (Basic Airborne Course) at Fort Benning, Georgia, (about three weeks). Following Airborne Training, recruits attend the Special Forces Assessment and Selection (SFAS). In SFAS, the recruit must pass many physical and mental tests, and they are evaluated on their ability to work as a team. Students who pass the SFAS then attend the Special Forces Qualification Course (SFQC). SFQC is divided into three phases. The first phase (about 40 days) covers individual skills needed as a Special Forces member. These skills include: Going behind enemy lines to recruit, train and equip friendly forces for guerrilla raids, carrying out demolition raids against enemy military targets, and conducting offensive raids or invasions of enemy territories. The second phase is the MOS (job) qualification phase (about 24 weeks). This phase includes training in: Developing and maintaining proficiency with all U.S. and foreign high-density light and heavy weapons, Selecting weapons placements and sites, and assigning targets and areas of fire. The final phase of SFQC (38 days) teaches on SF Operational subjects. Finally, the recruit attends the Defense Language Institute (DLI) in Monterey, California, to learn a foreign language. Length of language training can be from six months to one year, depending on the language learned. Recruits who fail any of the above training, are reclassified into 11B, Infantryman. Re-trainees who fail any of the above training revert to their previous MOS (job).

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